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石刁柏Asparagus officinalis

时间:2013-11-11 07:52来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 石刁柏 学名( Scientific Name ): Asparagus officinalis Linn. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 露笋 异名( Synonym ): Asparagus officinalis var. altilis L. 科属( Family Genus
中文名(Chinese Name):石刁柏
学名(Scientific Name):Asparagus officinalis Linn.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):露笋
异名(Synonym):Asparagus officinalis var. altilis L.
科属(Family & Genus):百合科Liliaceae天门冬属Asparagus
形态特征(Description):直立草本,高可达1米。根粗2-3毫米。茎平滑,上部在后期常俯垂,分枝较柔 弱。叶状枝每3-6枚成簇,近扁的圆柱形,略有钝稜,纤细,常稍弧曲,长5-30毫 米,粗0.3-0.5毫米;鳞片状叶基部有刺状短距或近无距。花每1-4朵腋生,绿黄 色;花梗长8-12(-14)毫米,关节位于上部或近中部;雄花:花被长5-6毫米;花 丝中部以下贴生于花被片上;雌花较小,花被长约3毫米。浆果直径7-8毫米,熟时 红色,有2-3颗种子。花期5-6月,果期9-10月。
分布(Distribution):我国新疆西北部(塔城)有野生的,其他地区多为栽培,少数也有变为野生的。
用途(Use):嫩苗可供蔬食。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 24 Page 214
Asparagus officinalis Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 313. 1753.
石刁柏 shi diao bai | Liliaceae  | Asparagus
Asparagus officinalis var. altilis Linnaeus; A. polyphyllus Steven.
Herbs dioecious. Roots 2--3 mm thick, rather slender. Stems suberect, to 1 m, usually slightly pendent apically; branches soft. Cladodes in fascicles of 3--6, 0.5--3 cm × ca. 0.4 mm, subterete, slightly flattened, irregularly grooved. Leaf spur slightly spinescent or indistinct. Inflorescences developing after cladodes. Flowers of both sexes solitary of in clusters of 2--4; pedicel 0.8--1.2(--1.4) cm. Male flowers: perianth yellowish green, campanulate, 5--6 mm; filaments adnate to perianth segments for ca. 1/2 their length; anthers 1--1.5 mm. Female flowers: perianth ca. 3 mm. Berry red, 7--8 mm in diam., 2- or 3-seeded. Fl. May--Jun, fr. Aug. 2 n = 20*, 40.
Steppes. NW Xinjiang [Kazakhstan, Mongolia, Russia; NW Africa, C and SW Asia, Europe, widely cultivated elsewhere].
A very variable species; some cultivars are grown as a vegetable in China.
 






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