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木奶果Baccaurea ramiflora

时间:2018-06-29 13:34来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):木奶果 学名( Scientific Name ): Baccaurea ramiflora Lour. 英文名( English Common Name ): baccaurea 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 白皮、山萝葡 异名( Synonym ): Baccaurea sapida (Roxb.) Mll. Arg. Baccaure
中文名(Chinese Name):木奶果
学名(Scientific Name):Baccaurea ramiflora Lour.
英文名(English Common Name):baccaurea
别名(Chinese Common Name):白皮、山萝葡
异名(Synonym):Baccaurea sapida (Roxb.) Müll. Arg.  Baccaurea oxycarpa Gagnep.  Gatnaia annamica Gagnep.  Pierardia sapida Roxb.  Baccaurea cauliflora Lour.  Baccaurea wrayi King ex Hook.f.  Baccaurea flaccida Müll.Arg.  Baccaurea pierardi Wall.  Baccaurea propinqua Müll.Arg.  Pierardia flaccida Wall.
科属Family & Genus):大戟科(Euphorbiaceae)木奶果属
形态特征Description):常绿乔木,高5-15米,胸径达60厘米;树皮灰褐色;小枝被糙硬毛,后变无毛。叶片 纸质,倒卵状长圆形、倒披针形或长圆形,长9-15厘米,宽3-8厘米,顶端短渐尖至急尖,基部楔形,全缘或浅波状,上面绿色,下面黄绿色,两面均无毛;侧脉每边5-7条,上面扁平,下面凸起;叶柄长1-4.5厘米。花小,雌雄异株,无花瓣;总状圆锥花序腋生或茎 生,被疏短柔毛,雄花序长达15厘米,雌花序长达30厘米;苞片卵形或卵状披针形,长2-4毫米,棕黄色;雄花:萼片4-5,长圆形,外面被疏短柔毛;雄蕊4-8;退化雌蕊圆柱状,2深裂;雌花:萼片4-6,长圆状披针形,外面被短柔毛;子房卵形或圆球形,密被锈色糙伏毛,花柱极短或无,柱头扁平,2裂。浆果状蒴果卵状或近圆球状,长2-2.5厘米,直径1.5-2厘米,黄色后变紫红色,不开裂,内有种子1-3颗;种子扁椭圆形或近圆形,长1-1.3厘米。花期3-4月,果期6-10月。
分布(Distribution):产广东、海南、广西和云南,生于海拔100-1300米的山地林中。东南亚也有。
用途(Use):果实味道酸甜,成熟时可吃。木材可作家具和细木工用料。树形美观,可作行道树。
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 11 Page 216
Baccaurea ramiflora Loureiro, Fl. Cochinch. 2: 661. 1790.
木奶果 mu nai guo | Euphorbiaceae  | Baccaurea
Baccaurea cauliflora Loureiro; B. oxycarpa Gagnepain; B. sapida (Roxburgh) Müller Argoviensis; B. wrayi King ex J. D. Hooker; Gatnaia annamica Gagnepain; Pierardia sapida Roxburgh.
Evergreen trees to 20 m tall, to 60 cm d.b.h.; stem gray-brown; branchlets hispid, glabrescent at maturity. Petiole 3-5 cm, glabrous; leaf blade obovate-oblong, oblanceolate, or oblong, 9-15 × 3-8 cm, papery, green adaxially, yellowish green abaxially, glabrous on both surfaces, base cuneate, margin entire or shallowly repand, apex shortly acuminate to acute; lateral veins 5-7 pairs, flattened above, elevated below. Flowers small, dioecious, apetalous, many flowered, compound into racemelike panicles. Male inflorescences densely papillose, often fascicled on branchlets as well as on trunk, to 15 cm; bracts ovate-lanceolate, 2-3 mm, chestnut-yellowish, puberulent outside. Male flowers: sepals 4 or 5, oblong, 5-6 mm, puberulent outside; stamens 4-8; pistillode terete, bipartite. Female inflorescences to 35 cm; bracts as in male. Female flowers: sepals 4-6, oblong-lanceolate, ca. 6 mm, puberulent outside; ovary ovoid or globose, 3-celled, densely ferruginous hispid; styles very short, ca. 0.5 mm; stigma depressed, bifid at apex. Capsules baccate, ovoid or subglobose, 2-2.5 × 1.5-2 cm, red-yellow to purple when mature, indehiscent, or 3-valved when dry; arils white. Seeds flat-elliptic or rotund, 1-1.3 cm. Fl. May-Apr, fr. Mar-Oct.
Evergreen forests; 100-1300 m. Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Yunnan [Bhutan, Cambodia, India, Laos, Malaysia (peninsular), Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, Vietnam].
The fruits are edible; the pulpy, yellow aril is somewhat acid with an agreeable taste. The wood is used for furniture and cabinetwork.










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