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板栗Castanea mollissima

时间:2013-09-11 10:18来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):板栗 学名( Scientific Name ): Castanea mollissima Blume 英文名( English Common Name ): Chinese chestnut 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 栗、魁栗、毛栗 异名( Synonym ): Castanea vulgaris var. yunnanensis F
中文名(Chinese Name):板栗
学名(Scientific Name):Castanea mollissima Blume
英文名(English Common Name):Chinese chestnut
别名(Chinese Common Name):栗、魁栗、毛栗
异名(Synonym):Castanea vulgaris var. yunnanensis Franch.  Castanea vulgaris Hance  Castanea formosana (Hayata) Hayata  Castanea hupehensis Dode  Castanea bungeana Blume  Castanea duclouxii Dode  Castanea fargesii Dode  Castanea mollissima var. pendula X. Y. Zhou et Z. D. Zhou  Castanea sativa var. formosana Hayata  Castanea sativa var. mollissima (Blume) Pamp.  Castanea vesca Bunge  Castanea sinensis Perr.  Castanea sativa var. intermedia Pamp.
科属(Family & Genus):壳斗科(Fagaceae)栗属
形态特征(Description):高达20米的乔木,胸径80厘米,冬芽长约5毫米,小枝灰褐色,托叶长圆形,长10-15毫米,被疏长毛及鳞腺。叶椭圆至长圆形,长11-17厘米,宽稀达7厘米,顶部短至渐尖,基部近截平或圆,或两侧稍向内弯而呈耳垂状,常一侧偏斜而不对称,新生叶的基部常狭楔尖且两侧对称,叶背被星芒状伏贴绒毛或因毛脱落变为几无毛;叶柄长1-2厘米。雄花序长10-20厘米,花序轴被毛;花3-5朵聚生成簇,雌花1-3 (-5) 朵发育结实,花柱下部被毛。成熟壳斗的锐刺有长有短,有疏有密,密时全遮蔽壳斗外壁,疏时则外壁可见,壳斗连刺径4.5-6.5厘米;坚果高1.5-3厘米,宽1.8-3.5厘米。花期4-6月,果期8-10月。
分布(Distribution):除青海、宁夏、新疆、海南等少数省区外广布南北各地,见于平地至海拔2800米山地。
用途(Use):食用及绿化。
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 4 Page 316
Castanea mollissima Blume, Mus. Bot. 1: 286. 1850.
板栗 li  | Fagaceae  | Castanea
Castanea bungeana Blume; C. duclouxii Dode; C. fargesii Dode; C. formosana (Hayata) Hayata; C. hupehensis Dode; C. mollissima var. pendula X. Y. Zhou & Z. D. Zhou; C. sativa Miller var. formosana Hayata; C. sativa var. mollissima (Blume) Pampanini; C. vulgaris Lamarck var. yunnanensis Franchet.
Trees to 20 m tall. Branchlets with short pubescence, often also with long spreading hairs. Petiole 1-2 cm; leaf blade elliptic-oblong to oblong-lanceolate, 10-17 cm or rarely shorter, at least along veins abaxially tomentose to softly pubescent, adaxially scalelike glands sometimes absent, base rounded to truncate, margin coarsely serrate, apex acute to acuminate. Male inflorescences 10-20 cm. Cupule densely covered with pubescent spinelike bracts. Nuts usually 2 or 3 per cupule, 2-3 cm in diam. or rarely narrower. Fl. Apr-Jun, fr. Aug-Oct.
Cultivated or wild particularly on mountain slopes; near sea level to 2800 m. Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Korea]
Extensively cultivated for its edible nuts. Most collections are impossible to determine if they are cultivated, escaped, or native.






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