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南茼蒿Glebionis segetum

时间:2013-07-23 08:21来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 南茼蒿 学名( Scientific Name ): Glebionis segetum (L.) Fourr. 英文名( English Common Name ): corndaisy 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 大茼蒿 异名( Synonym ): Chrysanthemum segetum Forssk. ex DC. Chrysan






中文名(Chinese Name):南茼蒿
学名(Scientific Name):Glebionis segetum (L.) Fourr.
英文名(English Common Name):corndaisy
别名(Chinese Common Name):大茼蒿
异名(Synonym):Chrysanthemum segetum Forssk. ex DC.  Chrysanthemum coronarium var. spationsum Bailey  Pyrethrum segetum (L.) Moench  Chrysanthemum umbrosum Willd.  Chrysanthemum laciniatum Gilib.  Chrysanthemum holophyllum Pau  Pinardia segetum (L.) H.Karst.  Chrysanthemum welwitschii Sch.Bip. ex Nyman  Leucanthemum segetum (L.) Stankov  Chamaemelum segetum (L.) E.H.L.Krause  Pyrethrum umbrosum (Willd.) Boiss.  Xanthophthalmum segetum (L.) Sch.Bip.  Chrysanthemum segetale Salisb.  Chrysanthemum coronarium var. spatiosum
科属(Family & Genus):菊科(Compositae)花环菊属
形态特征(Description):光滑无毛或几光滑无毛,高20-60厘米。茎直立,富肉质。叶椭圆形、倒卵状披针形或倒卵状椭圆形,边缘有不规则的大锯齿,少有成羽状浅裂的,长41-6厘米,基部楔形,无柄。头状花序单生茎端或少数生茎枝顶端,但不形成伞房花序,花梗长5厘米。总苞径1-2厘米。内层总苞片顶端膜质扩大几成附片状。舌片长达1.5厘米。舌状花瘦果有2条具狭翅的侧肋,间肋不明显,每面3-6条,贴近。管状花瘦果的肋约10条,等形等距,椭圆状。花果期3-6月。
分布(Distribution):原产地不详,我国南方各省作蔬菜栽培。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 20-21 Page 653, 772
Glebionis segetum (Linnaeus) Fourreau, Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, sér. 2. 17: 90. 1869.
南茼蒿 nan tong hao | Asteraceae  | Glebionis
Chrysanthemum segetum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 889. 1753; C. coronarium Linnaeus f. spatiosum (L. H. Bailey) Kitamura; C. coronarium var. spatiosum L. H. Bailey; C. spatiosum (L. H. Bailey) L. H. Bailey; C. umbrosum Willdenow; Matricaria segetum (Linnaeus) Schrenk; Pyrethrum segetum (Linnaeus) Moench; P. umbrosum (Willdenow) Boissier; Xantophtalmum segetum (Linnaeus) Schultz Bipontinus.
Herbs, annual, 20-60 cm tall, glabrous or nearly so; stems erect, fleshy. Basal and lower stem leaves sessile; leaf blade elliptic, obovate-lanceolate, or ovate-elliptic, margin irregularly largely dentate, rarely pinnatilobed. Upper stem leaves gradually smaller. Synflorescence ill-defined, not obviously flat-topped; capitula solitary or few at apices of branches; peduncle ca. 5 cm. Involucres cupular, 1-2 cm in diam.; phyllaries in 4 rows, inner ones scarious, apex enlarged. Ray achenes narrowly 2-winged. Disk achenes with 10 ribs.
Cultivated as a vegetable. Anhui, Beijing, Fujian, Guangdong, Guizhou, Hainan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Yunnan, Zhejiang [native to the Mediterranean region].
(责任编辑:徐晔春)
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