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茼蒿Glebionis coronarium

时间:2013-07-23 08:19来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):茼蒿 学名( Scientific Name ): Glebionis coronarium (L.) Tzvelev 英文名( English Common Name ): crowndaisy 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 艾菜 异名( Synonym ): Chrysanthemum coronarium L. Matricaria coron




中文名(Chinese Name):茼蒿
学名(Scientific Name): Glebionis coronarium (L.) Tzvelev
英文名(English Common Name):crowndaisy
别名(Chinese Common Name):艾菜
异名(Synonym):Chrysanthemum coronarium L.  Matricaria coronaria (L.) Desr.  Chrysanthemum spatiosum Bailey  Pyrethrum roxburghii Desf.  Chamaemelum coronarium (L.) E.H.L.Krause  Buphthalmum oleraceum Lour.  Pinardia coronaria (L.) Less.  Chrysanthemum merinoanum Pau  Chrysanthemum coronatum Dum.Cours.  Chrysanthemum segatum   Dendranthema coronarium (L.) M.R.Almeida  Chrysanthemum senecioides Dunal ex DC.  Chrysanthemum breviradiatum Hort. ex DC.  Chrysanthemum coronarium subsp. discolor (d’Urv.) Rech.f.  Chrysanthemum coronarium var. concolor Batt.  Chrysanthemum coronarium var. coronarium L.  Chrysanthemum coronarium var. discolor d'Urv.  Chrysanthemum coronarium var. subdiscolor Maire  Glebionis coronaria var. discolor (d'Urv.) Turland  Xanthophtalmum coronarium (L.) Trehane  Ismelia coronaria
科属Family & Genus):菊科(Compositae)花环菊属
形态特征Description):
分布Distribution):我国各地有栽培,用于观赏,河北、山东等地有野生。
用途Use):
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 20-21 Page 653, 772
Glebionis coronaria (Linnaeus) Cassini ex Spach, Hist. Nat. Vég. 10: 181. 1841.
茼蒿 tong hao | Asteraceae  | Glebionis
Chrysanthemum coronarium Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 890. 1753, nom. cons.; C. roxburghii Desfontaines; Glebionis roxburghii (Desfontaines) Tzvelev; Matricaria coronaria (Linnaeus) Desrousseaux; Pinardia coronaria (Linnaeus) Lessing; Pyrethrum indicum Sims (1813), not (Linnaeus) Cassini (1826); Xantophtalmum coronarium (Linnaeus) P. D. Sell.
Herbs, annual, glabrous or almost so; stems erect, 70 cm tall, unbranched or few branched above middle. Basal leaves withered by anthesis; lower and middle stem leaves sessile; leaf blade narrowly elliptic or elliptic-lanceolate in outline, 8-10 × 3-4 cm, 1 or 2(or 3)-pinnatisect or pinnatifid, primary segments 2-4-paired, ultimate lobes ovate or linear; upper stem leaves gradually smaller. Capitula terminal, solitary or few, not forming conspicuous panicle; peduncle 15-20 cm. Involucres cup-shaped, 1.5-3 cm in diam.; phyllaries in 4 rows, inner ca. 1 cm, apex widened, scarious. Ray achenes narrowly 3-winged. Disk achenes 1- or 2-ribbed. Fl. and fr. Sep. 2n = 18*
Widely cultivated as a vegetable. Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hebei, Hunan, Jilin, Shandong, Zhejiang [native to the Mediterranean region].
Glebionis coronaria is grown both for its bright yellow florets and the edible young shoots. Various authors include Chrysanthemum coronarium var. spatiosum within this species, but it is better placed within the following species, G. segetum. (责任编辑:徐晔春)
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