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滨海前胡Peucedanum japonicum

时间:2013-11-11 15:15来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 滨海前胡 学名( Scientific Name ): Peucedanum japonicum Thunb. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Anethum japonicum (Thunb.) Koso-Pol. 科属( Family Genus ):
中文名(Chinese Name):滨海前胡
学名(Scientific Name):Peucedanum japonicum Thunb.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Anethum japonicum (Thunb.) Koso-Pol.
科属(Family & Genus):伞形科Umbelliferae前胡属Peucedanum
形态特征(Description):多年生粗壮草本,高1米左右,稍直立,常呈蜿蜓状。茎圆柱形,曲折,多分枝,下部径1-2厘米或更粗,有粗条纹显著突起,光滑无毛。基生叶具长柄,叶柄长4-5厘米,具宽阔叶鞘抱茎,边缘耳状膜质;叶片宽大质厚,轮廓为阔卵状三角形,一至二回三出式分裂,第一回羽片卵状圆形或三角状圆形,下部的一对羽片柄长2-4厘米,较粗,中间羽片柄比两侧的柄长1倍以上,羽片3浅裂或深裂,基部心形,7-9厘米长和宽,第二回羽片居于两侧者卵形,中间一片为倒卵状楔形,均无柄,具3-5粗大钝锯齿,两面光滑无毛,粉绿色,网状脉细致而清晰。伞形花序分枝,花序梗粗壮;总苞片2-3,有时无,卵状披针形至线状披针形,先端长渐尖,长5-10毫米,宽约2毫米,有柔毛,中央伞形花序直径约10厘米;伞辐15-30,长1-5厘米,不等长,有短柔毛;小伞形花序有花20余;小总苞片8-10余,线状披针形或卵状披针形,长渐尖,通常与花柄等长或较长;花瓣紫色,少为白色,卵形至倒卵形,背部有小硬毛;子房密生短硬毛;萼齿不显;花柱基圆柱形。分生果长圆状卵形至椭圆形,背部扁压,长4-6毫米,宽2.5-4毫米,有短硬毛,有时稍光滑,背棱线形稍突起,侧棱翅状较厚;每棱槽内油管3-5,合生面油管6-10;胚乳腹面微凹入。花期6-7月,果期8-9月。
分布(Distribution):产我国东部沿海的山东、江苏、浙江、福建、台湾等地。生长于滨海滩地或近海山地。分布日本、朝鲜、菲律宾等地。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 14 Page 186   
Peucedanum japonicum Thunberg in Murray, Syst. Veg., ed. 14. 280. 1784.
滨海前胡 bin hai qian hu | Apiaceae  | Peucedanum
Anethum japonicum (Thunberg) Koso-Poljansky.
Plants stout, (30–)40–70(–100)cm, essentially glabrous. Stem often flexuous. Leaf blade broadly ovate-triangular, to 35 × 25 cm, thinly coriaceous, 1–2-ternate; leaflets ovate-orbicular, 3-parted, 7–9 cm broad, glaucous; central segments obovate-cuneate, lateral segments oblique-ovate. Umbels (4–)5–10 cm across; bracts 2–3 or absent, ovate-lanceolate, 5–10 × ca. 2 mm, pubescent; rays 15–30, 1–5 cm, unequal, puberulous; bracteoles 8–10, linear-lanceolate, equaling or longer than flowers; umbellules ca. 20-flowered. Calyx teeth obsolete. Petals purple or white, abaxially hispidulous. Styles short. Fruit oblong-ovate or ellipsoid, 4–6 × 2.5–4 mm, hirsute, especially on dorsal ribs; lateral ribs winged, wings very thick; vittae small, 3–5 in each furrow, 6–10 on commissure. Fl. Jun–Jul, fr. Aug–Sep.
Coastal areas, seashores; below 100 m. Fujian, Hong Kong, Jiangsu, Shandong, Taiwan, Zhejiang [Japan, Korea, Philippines].
 




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