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辽藁本Ligusticum jeholense

时间:2013-11-11 15:14来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 辽藁本 学名( Scientific Name ): Ligusticum jeholense (Nakai et Kitagawa) Nakai et Kitagawa 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 热河藁本 异名( Synonym ): Cnidium jeholense Nakai
中文名(Chinese Name):辽藁本
学名(Scientific Name):Ligusticum jeholense (Nakai et Kitagawa) Nakai et Kitagawa
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):热河藁本
异名(Synonym):Cnidium jeholense Nakai et Kitag.  Tilingia jeholensis (Nakai et Kitag.) Leute
科属Family & Genus):伞形科Umbelliferae藁本属Ligusticum
形态特征Description):多年生草本,高30-80厘米。根圆锥形,分叉,表面深褐色。根茎较短。茎直立,圆柱形,中空,具纵条纹,常带紫色,上部分枝。叶具柄,基生叶柄长可达19厘米,向上渐短;叶片轮廓宽卵形,长10-20厘米,宽8-16厘米,2-3回三出式羽状全裂,羽片4-5对,轮廓卵形,长5-10厘米,宽3-7厘米,基部者具柄,柄长2-5厘米;小羽片3-4对,卵形,长2-3厘米,宽1-2厘米,基部心形至楔形,边缘常3-5浅裂;裂片具齿,齿端有小尖头,表面沿主脉被糙毛。复伞形花序顶生或侧生,直径3-7厘米;总苞片2,线形,长约1厘米,粗糙,边缘狭膜质,早落;伞辐8-10,长2-3厘米,内侧粗糙;小总苞片8-10,钻形,长3-5毫米,被糙毛;小伞形花序具花15-20;花柄不等长,内侧粗糙;萼齿不明显;花瓣白色,长圆状倒卵形,具内折小舌片;花柱基隆起,半球形,花柱长,果期向下反曲。分生果背腹扁压,椭圆形,长3-4毫米,宽2-2.5毫米,背棱突起,侧棱具狭翅;每棱槽内油管1 (-2),合生面油管2-4;胚乳腹面平直。花期8月,果期9-10月。
分布(Distribution):产吉林,辽宁、河北、山西、山东。生于海拔1250-2500米的林下、草甸及沟边等阴湿处。
用途(Use):根及根茎供药用,散风寒燥湿,治风寒头痛、寒湿腹痛、泄泻,外用治疥癣、神经性皮炎等皮肤病。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 14 Page 145   
Ligusticum jeholense (Nakai & Kitagawa) Nakai & Kitagawa, Rep. Exped. Manchoukuo Sect. IV. 4 [Index Fl. Jehol.]: 90. 1936.
辽藁本 liao gao ben| Apiaceae  | Ligusticum
Cnidium jeholense Nakai & Kitagawa, Rep. Exped. Manchoukuo Sect. IV, 1 [Pl. Nov. Jehol. 1]: 38. 1934; Tilingia jeholensis (Nakai & Kitagawa) Leute.
Plants 30–80 cm. Root fusiform; rootstock short. Stem erect, purplish striate, branching. Lower petioles 10–19 cm; blade broad-ovate, 10–20 × 8–16 cm, ternate-2–3-pinnate, primary pinnae 4–6 pairs; ultimate segments ovate, 2–3 × 1–2 cm, hispid on veins, margins 3–5-lobed. Upper leaves reduced. Umbels terminal and lateral, 3–7 cm across; bracts 2, linear, scabrid, margins narrow membranous, caducous; rays 8–16, subequal, 2–3 cm; bracteoles 8–10, linear, longer than umbellules in flower, and subequal to pedicels in fruit. Calyx teeth obsolete. Petals white, oblong-ovate. Styles ca. 0.5 × fruit, reflexed. Fruit oblong, 3–4 × 2–2.5 mm; dorsal and intermediate ribs filiform, lateral ribs narrowly winged; vittae 1(–2) in each furrow, 2–4 on commissure. Seed face plane. Fl. Aug–Sep, fr. Sep–Oct.
Forests, meadows, streamsides, damp places; 1200–2500 m. Hebei, Jilin, Liaoning, Shandong, Shanxi.
The roots and rootstock are used as “liao gao ben” (see also Ligusticum sinense, “gao ben”), an important, analgesic and anti-inflammatory herb of traditional Chinese medicine.
 






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