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蝎虎驼蹄瓣Zygophyllum mucronatum

时间:2013-12-04 21:27来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名(Chinese Name ):蝎虎驼蹄瓣 学名(Scientific Name ): Zygophyllum mucronatum Maxim. 英文名(English Common Name ): 别名(Chinese Common Name ): 蝎虎霸王 异名(Synonym ): 科属(Family Genus ): 蒺藜科Zygophyllaceae驼蹄瓣属Zy
中文名(Chinese Name):蝎虎驼蹄瓣
学名(Scientific Name):Zygophyllum mucronatum Maxim.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):蝎虎霸王
异名(Synonym):
科属(Family & Genus):蒺藜科Zygophyllaceae驼蹄瓣属Zygophyllum
形态特征(Description):多年生草本,高15-25厘米。根木质。茎多数,多分枝,细弱,平卧或开展,具沟棱和粗糙皮刺。托叶小,三角状,边缘膜质,细条裂;叶柄及叶轴具翼,翼扁平,有时与小叶等宽;小叶2-3对,条形或条状矩圆形,长约1厘米,顶端具刺尖,基部稍钝。花1-2朵腋生,花梗长2-5毫米;萼片5,狭倒卵形或矩圆形,长5-8毫米,宽3-4毫米;花瓣5,倒卵形,稍长于萼片,上部近白色,下部桔红色,基部渐窄成爪;雄蕊长于花瓣,花药矩圆形,桔黄色,鳞片长达花丝之半。蒴果披针形、圆柱形,稍具5棱,先端渐尖或锐尖,下垂,5心皮,每室有1-4种子。种子椭圆形或卵形,黄褐色,表面有密孔。花期6-8月,果期7-9月。
分布(Distribution):分布于内蒙古西部、宁夏、青海。我国特有种。生于低山山坡、山前平原、冲积扇、河流阶地、黄土山坡。海拔800-3 000米。
用途(Use):。
引自中国植物志英文版: FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 11 
Zygophyllum mucronatum Maximowicz, Mélanges Biol. Bull. Phys.-Math. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg. 11: 175. 1881
蝎虎霸王 xie hu ba wang  | Zygophyllaceae  | Zygophyllum
Herbs, perennial, 15-25 cm tall. Roots woody. Stems numerous, tender, much branched, prostrate or spreading, with ribs. Stipules minute, triangular, margin membranous and fringed. Leaves with 4 or 6 leaflets; petiole and rachis with flat wings sometimes as wide as leaflets; leaflet blades linear to linear-oblong, 8-10 × 1-3 mm, base obtuse, apex rounded and mucronate. Flowers axillary, solitary or paired. Pedicel 2-5 mm. Sepals 5, narrowly obovate to oblong, 5-8 × 3-4 mm. Petals 5, orangish red at base and white at apex, obovate, slightly longer than sepals. Stamens longer than petals; anthers orange, oblong-spherical; appendages ca. 1/2 as long as filament. Capsule lanceolate to cylindric, pendulous, with ridges, 5-locular, with 1-4 seeds per locule, apex acuminate to acute. Seeds yellowish brown, ellipsoid to ovoid, surface with dense cavities. Fl. Jun-Aug, fr. Jul-Sep.
Hilly slopes, plains, alluvial fans, terraces, sandy soil, loess hills; 800-3500 m. Gansu, W Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Xinjiang [Mongolia].


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