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蒲桃叶悬钩子Rubus jambosoides

时间:2018-07-01 09:38来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 蒲桃叶悬钩子 学名( Scientific Name ): Rubus jambosoides Hance 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): 科属( Family Genus ): 蔷薇科(Rosaceae)悬钩子属 形态特征
中文名(Chinese Name):蒲桃叶悬钩子
学名(Scientific Name):Rubus jambosoides Hance
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym): 
科属(Family & Genus):蔷薇科(Rosaceae)悬钩子属
形态特征(Description):攀援灌木,高1-3米;枝圆柱形,浅褐色,无毛,具钩状皮刺。单叶,革质,披针形,长8-12厘米,宽1.5-3厘米,顶端尾尖,基部圆形或近截形,两面无毛,下面沿主脉疏生钩 状小皮刺,边缘近全缘或疏生极细小锯齿,叶脉不明显,6-8对;叶柄粗短,长5-10毫米,无毛;托叶早落。花单生于叶腋;花梗长5-10毫米,无毛;苞片卵形或椭圆形,无毛,全缘;花直径1-1.8厘米;花萼外无毛,青红色;萼片三角状披针形,顶端渐尖,外层萼片 边缘具灰白色绒毛;花瓣长圆形,顶端圆钝,白色;花丝宽扁,紫红色;雌蕊约50-70枚或 较多,稍短或几与雄蕊等长;花柱基部和子房密被细柔毛。果实卵球形,直径约1厘米,红 色,密被灰白色细柔毛;核较干滑或稍具细皱纹。花期2-3月,果期4-5月。
分布(Distribution):产湖南、福建、广东。生低海拔山路旁或山顶涧边。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 9 Page 276     
Rubus jambosoides Hance, Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 4. 15: 222. 1861.
蒲桃叶悬钩子 pu tao ye xuan gou zi| Rosaceae  | Rubus
Shrubs scandent, 1–3 m tall. Branchlets brownish or grayish brown, terete, glabrous, with sparse, curved prickles. Leaves simple; petiole robust, 5–10 mm, glabrous; stipules early caducous, ovate or elliptic, glabrous; blade lanceolate, 8–12 × 1.5–3 cm, veins obscure, lateral veins 6–8 pairs, leathery, both surfaces glabrous, abaxially with sparse, curved prickles along midvein, base rounded or subtruncate, margin subentire or with sparse, smaller teeth, apex caudate. Inflorescences axillary, 1-flowered; bracts ovate or elliptic, glabrous, margin entire. Pedicel 5–10 mm, glabrous. Flowers 1–1.8 cm in diam. Calyx greenish red, abaxially glabrous; sepals triangular-lanceolate, 7–11 mm, outer sepals with gray tomentose margin, apex acuminate. Petals white, oblong, longer than sepals, base clawed, apex obtuse. Stamens shorter than petals; filaments purplish red, broad, complanate. Pistils 50–70 or slightly more, slightly shorter than or nearly as long as stamens; ovary and base of style densely finely pubescent. Aggregate fruit red, ovoid-globose, ca. 1 cm in diam., densely finely gray pubescent; pyrenes smooth or slightly rugulose. Fl. Feb–Mar, fr. Apr–May.
Roadsides on mountains, ravines; Low elevations. Fujian, Guangdong, Hunan.
 








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