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蓬蘽Rubus hirsutus

时间:2013-11-07 13:48来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 蓬蘽 学名( Scientific Name ): Rubus hirsutus Thunb. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 三月泡 异名( Synonym ): Rubus thunbergii var. talaikiensis (H. Lv.) Focke Rubus hirsutus
中文名(Chinese Name):蓬蘽
学名(Scientific Name):Rubus hirsutus Thunb.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):三月泡
异名(Synonym):Rubus thunbergii var. talaikiensis (H. Lév.) Focke  Rubus hirsutus var. argyi (H. Lév.) Nakai  Rubus argyi H. Lév.  Rubus thunbergii var. argyi (H. Lév.) Focke  Rubus stephanandria H. Lév.  Rubus thunbergii Siebold et Zucc.  Rubus talaikiaensis H. Lév.  Rubus thunbergii var. talaikiaensis (H.L‚v.) Focke
科属(Family & Genus):蔷薇科(Rosaceae)悬钩子属
形态特征(Description):灌木,高1-2米;枝红褐色或褐色,被柔毛和腺毛,疏生皮刺。小叶3-5枚,卵形或宽卵形,长3-7厘米,宽2-3.5厘米,顶端急尖,顶生小叶顶端常渐尖,基部宽楔形至圆形,两面疏生柔毛,边缘具不整齐尖锐重锯齿;叶柄长2-3厘米,顶生小叶柄长约1厘米,稀较长,均具柔毛和腺毛,并疏生皮刺;托叶披针形或卵状披针形,两面具柔毛。花常单生于侧枝顶端,也有腋生;花梗长 (2)3-6厘米,具柔毛和腺毛,或有极少小皮刺;苞片小,线形,具柔毛;花大,直径3-4厘米;花萼外密被柔毛和腺毛;萼片卵状披针形或三角披针形,顶端长尾尖,外面边缘被灰白色绒毛,花后反折;花瓣倒卵形或近圆形,白色,基部具爪;花丝较宽;花柱和子房均无毛。果实近球形,直径1-2厘米,无毛。花期4月,果期5-6月。
分布(Distribution):产河南、江西、安徽、江苏、浙江、福建、台湾、广东,生海拔达1500米山坡路旁阴湿处或灌丛中。朝鲜、日本也有分布。
用途(Use):全株及根入药,能消炎解毒、清热镇惊、活血及祛风湿。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 9 Page 226
Rubus hirsutus Thunberg, Diss. Bot.-Med. de Rubo 7. 1813.
蓬蘽 peng lei| Rosaceae  | Rubus
Shrubs 1–2 m tall. Branchlets reddish brown or brown, terete, with soft hairs, stalked glands, and sparse, curved prickles. Leaves imparipinnate, 3–5-foliolate; petiole (0.5–)2–10 cm, petiolule of terminal leaflet to 2 cm, lateral leaflets shortly petiolulate, petiolule and rachis pubescent, with stalked glands and sparse prickles; stipules lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate, 6–10 × 2–3 mm, both surfaces pubescent, margin entire; blade of leaflets ovate or broadly ovate, 3–7 × 2–3.5 cm, both surfaces sparsely soft hairy, base broadly cuneate to rounded, margin irregularly sharply doubly serrate, apex acute, acuminate, or caudate. Inflorescences terminal or axillary, often 1-flowered; bracts lanceolate or linear, 4–7 mm, pubescent. Pedicel (1.5–) 3–6 cm, pubescent, with stalked glands, or with few small needle-like prickles. Flowers 3–4 cm in diam. Calyx abaxially with dense soft hairs and stalked glands; sepals reflexed after anthesis, ovate-lanceolate or triangular-lanceolate, 1–1.5 cm × 4–5 mm, margin gray tomentose, apex long caudate. Petals white, obovate or suborbicular, 1.2–1.8 cm × 7–12 mm, glabrous, base clawed. Stamens numerous, much shorter than petals. Pistils shorter than stamens; style and ovary glabrous. Aggregate fruit subglobose, 1–2 cm in diam., glabrous. Fl. Apr, fr. May–Jun. 2n = 14.
Slopes, roadsides, waste places, thickets, forested slopes; 900--3200 m. Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Henan, Hubei, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Taiwan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Japan, Korea].
The young plants and roots are used in medicine.
 


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