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西藏草莓Fragaria nubicola

时间:2013-11-07 13:01来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):西藏草莓 学名( Scientific Name ): Fragaria nubicola (Hook. f.) Lindl. ex Lacaita 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Fragaria vesca var. nubicola Hook. f. 科属
中文名(Chinese Name):西藏草莓
学名(Scientific Name):Fragaria nubicola (Hook. f.) Lindl. ex Lacaita
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Fragaria vesca var. nubicola Hook. f.
科属(Family & Genus):蔷薇科(Rosaceae)草莓属
形态特征Description):多年生草本,高4-26厘米。纤匍枝细,花茎被紧贴白色绢状柔毛。叶为3小叶,小叶具短柄或无柄,小叶片椭圆形或倒卵形,长1-6厘米,宽0.5-3厘米,顶端圆钝,基部宽楔形或圆形,边缘有缺刻状急尖锯齿,上面绿色,伏生疏柔毛,下面淡绿色,脉上被紧贴白色绢状柔毛,脉间较疏;叶柄被白色紧贴绢状柔毛,稀开展。花序有花1至数朵,花梗被白色紧贴绢状柔毛,萼片卵状披针形或卵状长圆形,顶端渐尖,副萼片披针形,顶端渐尖,全缘,稀有齿,外面被疏长毛;花瓣倒卵椭圆形;雄蕊20枚;雌蕊多数。聚合果卵球形,宿存萼片紧贴果实;瘦果卵珠形,光滑或有脉纹。花果期5-8月。
分布Distribution):产我国西藏。生沟边林下、林缘及山坡草地,海拔2500-3900米。锡金、克什米尔地区、巴基斯坦及阿富汗也有分布。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 9 Page 338     
Fragaria nubicola (J. D. Hooker) Lindley ex Lacaita, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 43: 476. 1916.
西藏草莓 xi zang cao mei| Rosaceae  | Fragaria
Fragaria vesca Linnaeus var. nubicola J. D. Hooker, Fl. Brit. India 2: 344. 1878.
Herbs perennial, 4–25 cm tall. Stems appressed white sericeous. Petiole appressed (rarely spreading) white sericeous; leaf blade 3-foliolate; leaflets shortly petiolulate or sessile, elliptic or obovate, 1–6 × 0.5–3 cm, abaxially appressed white sericeous, sparsely so between veins, adaxially appressed pilose, base broadly cuneate or rounded, margin sharply incised serrate, apex obtuse. Inflorescence 1- to several flowered. Pedicel appressed white sericeous. Sepals ovate-lanceolate or ovate-oblong, apex acuminate; epicalyx segments lanceolate, abaxially sparsely villous, margin entire, rarely dentate, apex acuminate. Petals obovate-elliptic. Stamens ca. 20. Carpels numerous. Aggregate fruit ovoid; persistent sepals appressed to aggregate fruit. Achenes ovoid, glabrous or rugose. Fl. and fr. May–Aug. 2n = 14.
Valley forests, forest margins, meadows on mountain slopes; 2500--3900 m. Xizang [Afghanistan, Bhutan, Kashmir, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Sikkim].
 






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