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东方草莓 Fragaria orientalis

时间:2013-11-07 13:02来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 东方草莓 学名( Scientific Name ): Fragaria orientalis Lozinsk. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Fragaria corymbosa Losinsk. Fragaria uniflora Losinsk. 科属
中文名(Chinese Name):东方草莓
学名(Scientific Name):Fragaria orientalis Lozinsk.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Fragaria corymbosa Losinsk.  Fragaria uniflora Losinsk.
科属(Family & Genus):蔷薇科(Rosaceae)草莓属
形态特征(Description):多年生草本,高5-30厘米。茎被开展柔毛,上部较密,下部有时脱落。三出复叶,小叶几无柄,倒卵形或菱状卵形,长1-5厘米,宽0.8-3.5厘米,顶端圆钝或急尖,顶生小叶基部楔形,侧生小叶基部偏斜,边缘有缺刻状锯齿,上面绿色,散生疏柔毛,下面淡绿色,有疏柔毛,沿叶脉较密;叶柄被开展柔毛有时上部较密。花序聚伞状,有花(1)2-5(6)朵,基部苞片淡绿色或具一有柄之小叶,花梗长0.5-1.5厘米,被开展柔毛。花两性,稀单性,直径1-1.5厘米;萼片卵圆披针形,顶端尾尖,副萼片线状披针形,偶有2裂;花瓣白色,几圆形,基部具短爪;雄蕊18-22,近等长;雌蕊多数。聚合果半圆形,成熟后紫红色,宿存萼片开展或微反折;瘦果卵形,宽0.5毫米,表面脉纹明显或仅基部具皱纹。染色体n= 28。花期5-7月,果期7-9月。
分布(Distribution):产东北、内蒙古、河北、山西、陕西、甘肃、青海,生于海拔600-4000米山坡草地或林下。朝鲜、蒙古、俄罗斯也有。
用途(Use):果实鲜红色,质软而多汁,香味浓厚,略酸微甜,可生食或供制果酒、果酱。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 9 Page 336
Fragaria orientalis Losinskaja, Izv. Glavn. Bot. Sada SSSR. 25: 70. 1926.
东方草莓 dong fang cao mei       | Rosaceae  | Fragaria
Fragaria corymbosa Losinskaja; F. uniflora Losinskaja.
Herbs perennial, 5–30 cm tall. Stems together with petioles spreading pilose, more densely so in upper parts, sometimes glabrescent. Leaf blade 3-foliolate; leaflets subsessile, abaxially greenish, adaxially green, obovate or rhombic-ovate, 1–5 × 0.8–3.5 cm, abaxially pilose, more densely so on veins, adaxially sparsely pilose, base cuneate on central leaflet, oblique on lateral ones, margin incised serrate, apex rounded or acute. Inflorescence corymbiform, (1 or)2–5(or 6)-flowered, with a pale green or petiolate, leafletlike bract at base. Flowers bisexual, rarely unisexual, 1–1.5 cm in diam.; pedicel 0.5–1.5 cm, spreading pilose. Sepals ovate-lanceolate, apex caudate; epicalyx segments linear-lanceolate, occasionally 2-fid. Petals white, suborbicular, base tapering into a short claw. Stamens 18–22, subequal. Carpels numerous. Aggregate fruit ripening purple, hemispheric; persistent sepals spreading or slightly reflexed. Achenes ovoid, ca. 0.5 mm wide, prominently rugose or only so at base. Fl. May–Jul, fr. Jul–Sep. 2n = 28.
Forests, meadows on mountain slopes; 600--4000 m. Gansu, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanxi [Korea, Mongolia, E Russia].
 


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