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蚊子草 Filipendula palmata

时间:2013-11-07 13:00来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 蚊子草 学名( Scientific Name ): Filipendula palmata (Pall.) Maxim. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 合叶子 异名( Synonym ): Filipendula amurensis (Bar) Bar Filipendula palma
中文名(Chinese Name):蚊子草
学名(Scientific Name):Filipendula palmata (Pall.) Maxim.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):合叶子
异名(Synonym):Filipendula amurensis (Bar) Bar  Filipendula palmata var. amurensis Bar  Filipendula palmata var. stenoloba Bar ex Liou et al.  Spiraea palmata Pall.  Spiraea digitata Willd.  Filipendula rufinervis Nakai  Ulmaria palmata (Pall.) Focke  Filipendula palmata var. nuda (Grubov) Popov  Filipendula palmata var. rufinervis (Nakai) Nakai ex T.B.Lee  Filipendula palmata var. tomentosa (Ledeb.) Kom.  Spiraea digitata var. latiloba Glehn  Spiraea digitata var. tomentosa Ledeb.
科属Family & Genus):蔷薇科(Rosaceae)蚊子草属
形态特征Description):多年生草本,高60-150厘米。茎有稜,近无毛或上部被短柔毛。叶为羽状复叶,有小叶2对,叶柄被短柔毛或近无毛,顶生小叶特别大,5-9掌状深裂,裂片披针形至菱状披针形,顶端渐狭或三角状渐尖,边缘常有小裂片和尖锐重锯齿,上面绿色无毛,下面密被白色绒毛,侧生小叶较小,3-5裂,裂至小叶1/2-1/3处;托叶大,草质,绿色,半心形,边缘有尖锐锯齿。顶生圆锥花序,花梗疏被短柔毛,以后脱落无毛;花小而多,直径约5-7毫米;萼片卵形,外面无毛;花瓣白色,倒卵形,有长爪。瘦果半月形,直立,有短柄,沿背腹两边有柔毛。花果期7-9月。
分布(Distribution):产东北、内蒙古、河北、山西,生海拔200-2000米山麓、沟谷、草地、河岸、林缘及林下。俄罗斯、蒙古、日本也有分布。
用途(Use):根、茎和叶含鞣质,可提制栲胶。辽宁用作妇科止血药,效果良好。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 9 Page 193     
Filipendula palmata (Pallas) Maximowicz, Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada. 6: 250. 1879.
蚊子草 wen zi cao| Rosaceae  | Filipendula
Plants 0.6–1.5 m tall. Stems sulcate, pubescent or glabrescent. Stipules semicordate, large, herbaceous, margin sharply doubly serrate; petiole pubescent or subglabrous; leaf blade pinnate, with 2 pairs of lateral leaflets, abaxially densely white tomentose, sparsely pubescent, or glabrous, adaxially sparsely pubescent or glabrous; terminal leaflet palmately 5–9-parted, rather large, segments lanceolate to rhombic-lanceolate, margin lobed or sharply doubly serrate; lateral leaflets 3–5-parted, smaller than terminal one. Inflorescence terminal, paniculate, many flowered. Flowers bisexual, 5–7 mm in diam.; pedicel sparsely pubescent, glabrescent when old. Sepals ovate, glabrous abaxially. Petals white, obovate, base long clawed. Achenes basally attached to receptacle, shortly stipitate, erect, long ciliate along abaxial and adaxial sides. Fl. and fr. Jul–Sep. 2n = 28, 42–44.
Forest margins, sunny mountian slopes, valleys, grassy areas, shady and moist places; 200--2300 m. Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Shaanxi [N Korea, Mongolia, E Russia].
 




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