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舶梨榕 Ficus pyriformis

TAG标签: 桑科 Moraceae Ficus 榕属
时间:2013-10-17 17:05来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):舶梨榕 学名( Scientific Name ): Ficus pyriformis Hook. et Arn. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 梨状牛奶子 异名( Synonym ): 科属( Family Genus ): 桑科(Moraceae)榕属 形态
中文名(Chinese Name):舶梨榕
学名(Scientific Name):Ficus pyriformis Hook. et Arn.  
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):梨状牛奶子
异名(Synonym):
科属(Family & Genus):桑科(Moraceae)榕属
形态特征(Description):Ficus pyriformis var. hirtinervis S. S. Chang  Ficus millettii Miq.  Ficus pyriformis var. brevifolia Gagnep.  Ficus rectinorria Merr.  Ficus milletii Miq.  Ficus rectinervia Merr. 
灌木,高1-2米;小枝被糙毛。叶纸质,倒披针形至倒卵状披针形,长4-11(-14)厘米,宽2-4厘米,先端渐尖或锐尖而为尾状,基部楔形至近圆形,全缘稍背卷,表面光绿色,背面微被柔毛和细小疣点,侧脉5-9对,很不明显,基生侧脉短;叶柄被毛,长1-1.5厘米;托叶披针形,红色,无毛,长约1厘米。榕果单生叶腋,梨形,直径2-3厘米,无毛,有白斑;雄花生内壁口部,花被片3-4,披针形,雄蕊2,花药卵圆形;瘿花花被片4,线形,子房球形,花柱侧生;雌花生于另一植株榕果内壁,花被片3-4,子房肾形,花柱侧生,细长。瘦果表面有瘤体。花期12月至翌年6月。
分布(Distribution):产广东、福建,常生于溪边林下潮湿地带。越南北部也有。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:
FOC Vol. 5 Page 54
Ficus pyriformis Hooker & Arnott, Bot. Beechey Voy. 216. 1836.
舶梨榕 bo li rong| Moraceae  | Ficus
Ficus millettii Miquel; F. pyriformis var. brevifolia Gagnepain; F. pyriformis var. hirtinervis S. S. Chang.
Shrubs, 1-2 m tall. Branchlets coarsely hairy. Stipules red, lanceolate, ca. 1 cm, glabrous. Petiole 1-1.5 cm, hairy; leaf blade oblanceolate, obovate-lanceolate, or ovate-elliptic, 4-11(-14) × 2-4 cm, papery, abaxially sparsely pubescent and with small cystoliths, midvein and lateral veins sometimes densely covered with brown coarse hairs, adaxially bright green, base cuneate to ± rounded, margin entire and slightly revolute, apex acuminate, acute, or caudate; basal lateral veins short, secondary veins 5-9 on each side of midvein and inconspicuous. Figs axillary on normal leafy shoots, solitary, pear-shaped, ca. 3 × 1.5-3 cm in diam., glabrous, with or without white spots and sparsely brown tuberculate, base cuneate; peduncle to 1.7 cm. Male flowers: near apical pore; calyx lobes 3 or 4, lanceolate; stamens 2; anthers ovoid. Gall flowers: calyx lobes 4, linear; ovary globose; style lateral. Female flowers: calyx lobes 3 or 4; ovary reniform; style lateral, long, thin. Achenes tuberculate. Fl. Dec-Jun.
Forests, wet areas near streams. S Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, S Hunan [Vietnam].


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