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竹叶榕 Ficus stenophylla

TAG标签: 桑科 Moraceae Ficus 榕属
时间:2013-10-17 17:06来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):竹叶榕 学名( Scientific Name ): Ficus stenophylla Hemsl. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 竹叶牛奶子 异名( Synonym ): Ficus stenophylla var. macropodocarpa (Lvl.et Vant.) Cor
中文名(Chinese Name):竹叶榕
学名(Scientific Name):Ficus stenophylla Hemsl.  
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):竹叶牛奶子
异名(Synonym):Ficus stenophylla var. macropodocarpa (Lévl.et Vant.) Corner  Ficus nerium H. Lév. et Vaniot  Ficus macropodocarpa H. Lév. et Vaniot 
科属(Family & Genus):桑科(Moraceae)榕属
形态特征(Description):小灌木,高1-3米;小枝散生灰白色硬毛,节间短。叶纸质,干后灰绿色,线状披针形,长5-13厘米,先端渐尖,基部楔形至近圆形,表面无毛,背面有小瘤体,全缘背卷,侧脉7-17对;托叶披针形,红色,无毛,长约8毫米;叶柄长3-7毫米。榕果椭圆状球形,表面稍被柔毛,直径7-8毫米,成熟时深红色,顶端脐状突起,基生苞片三角形,宿存,总梗长20-40毫米;雄花和瘿花同生于雄株榕果中,雄花,生内壁口部,有短柄,花被片3-4,卵状披针形,红色,雄蕊2-3,花丝短;瘿花,具柄,花被片3-4,倒披针形,内弯,子房球形,花柱短,侧生;雌花生于另一植株榕果中,近无柄,花被片4,线形,先端钝,瘦果透镜状,顶部具棱骨,一侧微凹入,花柱侧生,纤细。花果期5-7月。
分布(Distribution):产福建、台湾、浙江、湖南、湖北、广东、海南、广西、贵州。常生于沟旁堤岸边。越南北部和泰国北部也有分布。
用途(Use):茎清热利尿,止痛。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 5 Page 58
Ficus stenophylla Hemsley, Hooker’s Icon. Pl. 26: t. 2536. 1897.
竹叶榕 zhu ye rong| Moraceae  | Ficus
Ficus macropodocarpa H. Léveillé & Vaniot; F. nerium H. Léveillé & Vaniot; F. stenophylla var. macropodocarpa (H. Léveillé & Vaniot) Corner.
Shrubs, 1-3 m tall. Branchlet internodes short, with scattered grayish white bristles. Stipules red, lanceolate, ca. 8 mm, glabrous. Petiole 3-7 mm; leaf blade grayish green to yellow green when dry, linear-lanceolate, lanceolate, or oblanceolate, 5-20 × 2-3 cm, papery, abaxially with small tubercles, adaxially glabrous, base cuneate to rounded, margin entire and revolute, apex acuminate; basal lateral veins elongated, secondary veins 7-17 on each side of midvein. Figs axillary on normal leafy shoots, solitary, dark red when mature, ellipsoid-globose, 7-8 mm in diam., sparsely pubescent, apical pore navel-like, convex; peduncle 2-5 cm; involucral bracts triangular, persistent. Male flowers: near apical pore, shortly pedicellate; calyx lobes 3 or 4, red, ovate-lanceolate; stamens 2 or 3; filaments short. Gall flowers: pedicellate; calyx lobes 3 or 4, oblanceolate, incurved; ovary globose; style lateral, short. Female flowers: subsessile; calyx lobes 4, linear, apex obtuse; style, persistent, lateral, thin. Achenes lenslike, one side slightly concave, apex ridged. Fl. May-Jul.
Along streams or rivers. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, W Hubei, W Hunan, Jiangxi, SE Yunnan, S Zhejiang [Laos, N Thailand, N Vietnam].


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