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琴叶榕Ficus pandurata

TAG标签: 桑科 Moraceae Ficus 榕属
时间:2013-10-17 17:04来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):琴叶榕 学名( Scientific Name ): Ficus pandurata Hance 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Ficus pandurata var. holophylla Migo Ficus pandurata var. angustifolia
中文名(Chinese Name):琴叶榕
学名(Scientific Name):Ficus pandurata Hance
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Ficus pandurata var. holophylla Migo  Ficus pandurata var. angustifolia Cheng  Ficus formosana var. angustissima W. C. Ko  Ficus pandurata var. linearis Migo  Ficus formosana var. linearis Migo
科属(Family & Genus):桑科(Moraceae)榕属
形态特征(Description):小灌木,高1-2米;小枝。嫩叶幼时被白色柔毛。叶纸质,提琴形或倒卵形,长4-8厘米,先端急尖有短尖,基部圆形至宽楔形,中部缢缩,表面无毛,背面叶脉有疏毛和小瘤点,基生侧脉2,侧脉3-5对;叶柄疏被糙毛,长3-5毫米;托叶披针形,迟落。榕果单生叶腋,鲜红色,椭圆形或球形,直径6-10毫米,顶部脐状突起,基生苞片3,卵形,总梗长4-5毫米,纤细,雄花有柄,生榕果内壁口部,花被片4,线形,雄蕊3,稀为2,长短不一;瘿花有柄或无柄,花被片3-4,倒披针形至线形,子房近球形,花柱侧生,很短;雌花花被片3-4,椭圆形,花柱侧生,细长,柱头漏斗形。花期6-8月。
分布(Distribution):产广东、海南、广西、福建、湖南、湖北、江西、安徽、浙江。生于山地,旷野或灌丛林下。越南也有分布。
用途(Use):引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 5 Page 59
Ficus pandurata Hance, Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 4. 18: 229. 1862.
琴叶榕 qin ye rong| Moraceae  | Ficus
Ficus formosana Maximowicz var. angustissima W. C. Ko; F. formosana var. linearis Migo; F. pandurata var. angustifolia W. C. Cheng; F. pandurata var. holophylla Migo; F. pandurata var. linearis Migo.
Shrubs, 1-2 m tall. Branchlets reddish brown, sometimes quickly turning gray, densely puberulent, very rapidly glabrescent. Stipules lanceolate, glabrous, sometimes persistent. Petiole 3-5 mm, sparsely pilose; leaf blade obovate, sometimes violin-shaped with middle constricted, lanceolate, or linear-lanceolate, 4-16 cm, papery, white pubescent when young, abaxially sparsely pubescent on veins and with small cystoliths, adaxially glabrous, base rounded to broadly cuneate, margin entire, apex acuminate to acute and mucronate; basal lateral veins extending 1/3-1/2 length of leaf blade length, secondary veins 3-18 on each side of midvein. Figs axillary on normal leafy shoots, paired, red when fresh, ellipsoid to globose, 4-10 mm in diam., glabrous or minutely scabrid-papillate, base cuneate to obscurely stalked, apical pore navel-like, bracts reddish with paler margin and ± erect; peduncle 4-5 mm, slender; involucral bracts ovate. Male flowers: near apical pore, pedicellate; calyx lobes 4, linear-lanceolate to linear; stamens (2 or)3, unequal. Gall flowers: sessile or pedicellate; calyx lobes 3 or 4, oblanceolate to linear; ovary ± globose; style lateral, very short. Female flowers: calyx lobes 3 or 4, elliptic; style lateral, long, thin; stigma funnelform. Fl. Jun-Aug.
Forests or scrub in mountains. Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, SE Yunnan, Zhejiang [Thailand, Vietnam].


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