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雅榕Ficus concinna

TAG标签: 桑科 Moraceae Ficus 榕属
时间:2013-10-17 17:01来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):雅榕 学名( Scientific Name ): Ficus concinna (Miq.) Miq. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 万年青 异名( Synonym ): Ficus concinna var. subsessilis Corner Ficus glabella var. c
中文名(Chinese Name):雅榕
学名(Scientific Name):Ficus concinna (Miq.) Miq.  
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):万年青
异名(Synonym):Ficus concinna var. subsessilis Corner  Ficus glabella var. concinna (Miq.) King  Ficus glabella var. affinis (Wall. ex Kurz) King  Ficus pseudoreligiosa H. Lév.  Ficus fecundissima H. Lév. et Vaniot  Ficus affinis Wall. ex Kurz  Ficus subpedunculata Miq.  Urostigma concinnum Miq.  Urostigma parvifolium Miq.  Ficus lacor auct non Buch.-Ham. Rehder  Ficus arayatensis Warb.  Ficus blumei Steud.
科属(Family & Genus):桑科(Moraceae)榕属
形态特征(Description):乔木,高15-20米,胸径25-40厘米;树皮深灰色,有皮孔;小枝粗壮,无毛。叶 狭椭圆形,长5-10厘米,宽1.5-4厘米,全缘,先端短尖至渐尖,基部楔形,两面光 滑无毛,干后灰绿色,基生侧脉短,侧脉4-8对,小脉在表面明显;叶柄短,长约1- 2厘米;托叶披针形,无毛,长约1厘米。榕果成对腋生或3-4个簇生于无叶小枝叶腋, 球形,直径4-5毫米;雄花、瘿花、雌花同生于一榕果内壁;雄花极少数,生于榕果内 壁近口部,花被片2,披针形,子房斜卵形,花柱侧生,柱头圆形;瘿花相似于雌花,花 柱线形而短;榕果无总梗或不超过0.5毫米。花果期3-6月。
分布(Distribution):产广东、广西、贵州、云南,通常生于海拔900-1600米密林中或村寨附近。印度、不丹、中南半岛各国,马来西亚、菲律宾、北加里曼丹也有。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 5 Page 40
Ficus concinna (Miquel) Miquel, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi. 3: 286. 1867.
雅榕 ya rong | Moraceae  | Ficus
Urostigma concinnum Miquel, London J. Bot. 6: 570. 1847; Ficus affinis Wallich ex Kurz; F. concinna var. subsessilis Corner; F. fecundissima H. Léveillé & Vaniot; F. glabella Blume var. affinis (Wallich ex Kurz) King; F. glabella var. concinna (Miquel) King; F. parvifolia (Miquel) Miquel; F. pseudoreligiosa H. Léveillé; F. subpedunculata Miquel; Urostigma parvifolium Miquel.
Trees, 15-20 m tall, d.b.h. 25-40 cm. Bark dark gray, lenticellate. Branches producing few aerial roots; branchlets 1-2 mm thick, glabrous. Stipules lanceolate, ca. 1 cm, glabrous. Petiole 1-2 cm; leaf blade grayish green when dry, narrowly elliptic, 5-10 × 1.5-4 cm, glabrous or sparsely pubescent, base cuneate, margin entire, apex mucronate to acuminate; basal lateral veins short, secondary veins 4-8 on each side of midvein, conspicuous on both surfaces. Figs axillary on leafy branchlets, paired, or in clusters of 3 or 4 on leafless older branchlets, globose, 4-5 mm in diam., sessile or subsessile with a 0.5 mm peduncle; involucral bracts caducous. Male, gall, and female flowers within same fig. Male flowers: few, near apical pore; calyx lobes 2, lanceolate. Gall flowers: similar to female flowers; style linear, short. Female flowers: ovary obliquely ovoid; style lateral; stigma rounded. Fl. and fr. Mar-Jun.
Dense forests, near villages; 900-2400 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, S Jiangxi, SE Xizang, Yunnan, S Zhejiang [Bhutan, India, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Sikkim, Thailand, Vietnam].




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