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天仙果Ficus erecta

TAG标签: 桑科 Moraceae Ficus 榕属
时间:2013-10-17 17:02来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):天仙果 学名( Scientific Name ): Ficus erecta Thunb. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 牛乳榕、矮小天仙果 异名( Synonym ): Ficus erecta var. beecheyana (Hook. et Arn.) King Fic
中文名(Chinese Name):天仙果
学名(Scientific Name):Ficus erecta Thunb.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):牛乳榕、矮小天仙果  
异名(Synonym):Ficus erecta var. beecheyana (Hook. et Arn.) King  Ficus maruyamensis Hayata  Ficus koshunensis Hayata  Ficus sieboldii Miq.  Ficus beecheyana f. tenuifolia Sata  Ficus tenax Blume  Ficus erecta var. sieboldii (Miq.) King  Ficus beecheyana Hook. et Arn.  Ficus erecta f. sieboldii (Miq.) Corner  Ficus erecta f. koshunensis (Hayata) Iorner.  Ficus beecheyana var. koshunensis (Hayata) Sata  Ficus cornifolia Kunth & C.D.Bouché  Ficus erecta var. yamadorii Makino ex Ohwi  Ficus japonica Blume  Ficus pseudopyriformis H.Lév. & Vaniot  Ficus taquetii H.Lév. & Vaniot
科属(Family & Genus):桑科(Moraceae)榕属
形态特征(Description):大型落叶灌木,高3-4米;枝粗壮,近无毛,疏分枝。叶倒卵形至狭倒卵形,先端 急尖,具短尖头,基部圆形或浅心形,表面无毛,微粗糙,背面近光滑;叶柄长1.5-4 厘米。榕果单生叶腋,球形,无毛,直径1-1.5厘米,成熟时红色,总梗细,长1-2厘 米。
分布(Distribution):产广东、广西、贵州、湖北、湖南、江西、福建、浙江、台湾,生于山坡林下或溪边。日本、越南也有。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 5 Page 54
Ficus erecta Thunberg, Ficus. 5. 1786.
矮小天仙果 ai xiao tian xian guo | Moraceae  | Ficus
Ficus beecheyana Hooker & Arnott; F. beecheyana f. koshunensis (Hayata) Sata; F. beecheyana f. tenuifolia Sata; F. beecheyana var. koshunensis (Hayata) Sata; F. erecta var. beecheyana (Hooker & Arnott) King; F. erecta var. beecheyana f. koshunensis (Hayata) Corner; F. erecta f. sieboldii (Miquel) Corner; F. erecta var. sieboldii (Miquel) King; F. koshunensis Hayata; F. maruyamensis Hayata; F. sieboldii Miquel; F. tenax Blume.
Trees or shrubs, 2-7 m tall, deciduous or semideciduous. Bark grayish brown. Branchlets glabrous or densely brown tomentose. Stipules caducous, reddish brown, broadly ovate or triangular-lanceolate, ca. 1 cm, membranous, puberulous. Petiole slender, 1-4 cm, glabrous or pubescent; leaf blade obovate-elliptic, oblong, lanceolate, obovate, or narrowly obovate, 7-25 × 4-10 cm, thickly papery, glabrous or tomentose, base rounded to ± cordate, margin entire or occasionally undulate toward apex, apex shortly acuminate or acute and mucronate; basal lateral veins elongated, secondary veins 5-8(-10) on each side of midvein and apically curved. Figs axillary on normal leafy shoots, solitary, reddish yellow to blackish purple or red when mature, globose to pear-shaped, 1-2.5 cm in diam., glabrous or hairy, apical pore navel-like; peduncle 1-2 cm; involucral bracts ovate-triangular, glabrous or thinly pubescent. Male flowers: many scattered, subsessile to pedicellate; calyx lobes (2 or)3(-6), elliptic to ovate-lanceolate; stamens 2 or 3. Gall flowers: subsessile to pedicellate; calyx lobes 3-5, lanceolate, longer than ovary, pubescent; ovary ellipsoid-globose; style lateral, short; stigma 2-branched. Female flowers: calyx lobes (3-)4-6, broadly spatulate; ovary smooth, shortly stipitate; style lateral; stigma 2-branched. Fl. and fr. May-Jun.
Forests, along streams. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, S Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Taiwan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Japan, Korea (Cheju Island), Vietnam].
The bark fibers are used for making paper.


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