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纸叶榕Ficus chartacea

TAG标签: 桑科 Moraceae Ficus 榕属
时间:2013-10-17 17:00来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):纸叶榕 学名( Scientific Name ): Ficus chartacea Wall. ex King 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Ficus lamponga var. chartacea Wall. ex Kurz Ficus chartacea va
中文名(Chinese Name):纸叶榕
学名(Scientific Name):Ficus chartacea Wall. ex King
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Ficus lamponga var. chartacea Wall. ex Kurz  Ficus chartacea var. lanceolata Corner
科属(Family & Genus):桑科(Moraceae)榕属
形态特征(Description):灌木,幼嫩部分平贴短刚毛。叶长椭圆状披针形至倒卵状披针形,长9-12厘米,宽 3-4厘米,先端急尖,基部圆形,全缘,两面疏生微柔毛,基生侧脉延长至叶片1/2处, 侧脉3-4对;叶柄长1.5-3.5厘米,疏生短粗毛;托叶膜质,红色,线状披针形,长 约5毫米,顶端渐尖,外面被微柔毛。榕果成对或单生叶腋,具总梗,球形,直径5-7 毫米;雄花和瘿花散生于同一榕果内壁,雄花具柄,花被片3,倒卵椭圆形,雄蕊1-2, 花药椭圆形;瘿花花被片4,子房光滑,花柱侧生,短;雌花花被片3-4,卵状披针形, 子房卵形。瘦果卵圆形,表面有皱纹,花柱侧生,柱头浅形。
分布(Distribution):产云南,生于海拔1500米山坡水沟边。缅甸、越南、泰国、马来西亚、北加里曼丹等有分布。
引自中国植物志英文版:
FOC Vol. 5 Page 61
Ficus chartacea Wallich ex King, Ann. Roy. Bot. Gard. (Calcutta). 1: 159. 1888.
纸叶榕 zhi ye rong       | Moraceae  | Ficus
Shrubs. Branchlets with short bent bristles. Stipules red, linear-lanceolate, ca. 5 mm, membranous, adaxially puberulent, apex acuminate. Petiole 1.5-3.5 cm, sparsely covered with short thick hairs; leaf blade narrowly ovate to obovate, 9-10 × 3-4 cm, glabrous or puberulent, base rounded, margin entire, apex acute; basal lateral veins extending to 1/2 of leaf blade length, secondary veins 3 or 4 on each side of midvein. Figs axillary on normal leafy stem, paired or solitary, globose, 5-7 mm in diam., subsessile to pedunculate. Male flowers: near apical pore, sessile or pedicellate; calyx lobes 3, obovate-elliptic; stamen 1 or 2; anthers ellipsoid. Gall flowers: calyx lobes 5; ovary smooth; style lateral, short. Female flowers: calyx lobes 3 or 4, ovate-lanceolate; ovary ovoid; style persistent, lateral; stigma linear. Achenes ovoid, rugose. Fl. and fr. May-Jul.
Slopes, along streams; 1400-1800(-2100) m. Yunnan [Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam].
Berg (in litt.) does not believe that var. torulosa should be recognized.




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