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黄毛榕Ficus esquiroliana

TAG标签: 桑科 Moraceae Ficus 榕属
时间:2018-06-26 12:52来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):黄毛榕 学名( Scientific Name ): Ficus esquiroliana Lvl. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Ficus xiphias C. E. C. Fisch. Ficus neoesquirolii H. Lv. 科属( Fami
中文名(Chinese Name):黄毛榕
学名(Scientific Name):Ficus esquiroliana Lévl.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Ficus xiphias C. E. C. Fisch.  Ficus neoesquirolii H. Lév.
科属(Family & Genus):桑科(Moraceae)榕属
形态特征(Description):小乔木或灌木,高约4-10米,树皮灰褐色,具纵棱;幼枝中空,被褐黄色硬长毛。 叶互生,纸质,广卵形,长17-27厘米,宽12-20厘米,急渐尖,具长约1厘米尖尾, 基部浅心形,表面疏生糙伏状长毛,背面被长约3毫米褐黄色波状长毛,以中脉和侧脉 稠密,余均密被黄色和灰白色绵毛,基生侧脉每边3条,侧脉每边5-6条,分裂或不分 裂,边缘有细锯齿,齿端被长毛;叶柄长5-11 厘米,细长,疏生长硬毛;托叶披针形, 长约1-1.5厘米,早落。榕果腋生,圆锥状椭圆形,直径20-25毫米,表面疏被或密 生浅褐长毛,顶部脐状突起,基生苞片卵状披针形,长8毫米;雄花生榕果内壁口部,具 柄,花被片4,顶端全缘,雄蕊2枚。瘿花花被与雄花同,子房球形,光滑,花柱侧生, 短,柱头漏斗形,雌花花被4。瘦果斜卵圆形,表面有瘤体。花期5-7月,果期7月。
分布(Distribution):产西藏、四川、贵州、云南、广西、广东、海南、台湾。越南、老挝、泰国的北部也有分布。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 5 Page 60
Ficus esquiroliana H. Léveillé, Bull. Acad. Int. Géogr. Bot. 24: 252. 1914.
黄毛榕 huang mao rong | Moraceae  | Ficus
Trees or shrubs, 4-10 m tall, d.b.h. to 40 cm. Bark grayish brown to grayish green, with longitudinal ridges. Branchlets stiffly brownish yellow hirsute. Stipules caducous, lanceolate, 1-1.5 cm. Leaves alternate; petiole slender, (2.5-)5-11 cm, sparsely hirsute; leaf blade broadly obovate, juvenile leaves often 3-5-lobed, (11-)17-27 × (8-)12-20 cm, thickly papery, abaxially with white or yellow soft felted hairs and hairs 3-5 mm, mostly on veins, adaxially sparsely strigose, base shallowly cordate, margin sparsely serrate with long hairs at apex of teeth, apex acute to caudate with a ca. 1 cm cauda; basal lateral veins 2-4(-6), secondary veins 4-6 on each side of midvein, and branched or unbranched. Figs axillary on normal leafy shoots, solitary, ovoid, (1.7-)2-2.5 cm in diam., pale brown hirsute, apical pore navel-like, sessile; involucral bracts ovate-lanceolate, ca. 8 mm. Male flowers: near apical pore, pedicellate; calyx lobes (3 or)4, apex entire; stamens 2. Gall flowers: calyx lobes 4; ovary globose, smooth; style lateral, short; stigma funnelform. Female flowers: calyx lobes 4, reddish violet; style hairy at tip. Achenes obliquely ovoid, base with a double keel, tuberculate. Fl. May-Jul.
Secondary forests. S Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Sichuan, S Taiwan, SE Xizang, S Yunnan [Indonesia, Laos, Myanmar, N Thailand, Vietnam].
The invalidly published “Ficus neoesquirolii” H. Léveillé (Fl. Kouy-Tcheou, 431. 1915) belongs here.






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