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天目藜芦Veratrum schindleri

时间:2013-10-09 09:22来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):天目藜芦 学名( Scientific Name ): Veratrum schindleri (Baker) Loes. f. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 牯岭黎芦、闽浙藜芦 异名( Synonym ): Veratrum japonicum (Baker) Loes. f
中文名(Chinese Name):天目藜芦
学名(Scientific Name):Veratrum schindleri (Baker) Loes. f.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):牯岭黎芦、闽浙藜芦
异名(Synonym):Veratrum japonicum (Baker) Loes. f.  Veratrum warburgii Loes.  Veratrum atroviolaceum Loes. 
科属Family & Genus):百合科(Liliaceae)藜芦属
形态特征Description):植株高约1米,基部具棕褐色带网眼的纤维网。叶在茎下部的宽椭圆形,有时狭矩圆形,长约30厘米,宽(2-)5 -10 (-13) 厘米,两面无毛,先端渐尖,基部收狭为柄,叶柄通常长5-10厘米。圆锥花序长而扩展,具多数近等长的侧生总状花序;总轴和枝轴生灰白色绵状毛;花被片伸展或反折,淡黄绿色、绿白色或褐色,近椭圆形或倒卵状椭圆形,长6-8毫米,宽2-3毫米,先端钝,基部无柄,全缘,外花被片背面至少在基部被毛;小苞片短于或近等长于花梗,背面生绵状毛,在侧生花序上的花梗长约6-8(-14)毫米;雄蕊长为花被片的2/3;子房卵状矩圆形。蒴果直立,长1-5-2厘米,宽约1厘米。花果期6-10月。
分布(Distribution):产江西、江苏、浙江、安徽、湖南、湖北、广东、广西和福建。生于海拔700-1350米的山坡林下阴湿处。
用途(Use):
引自植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 24 Page 84
Veratrum schindleri Loesener, Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg. 68: 139. 1926.
牯岭藜芦 gu ling li lu| Liliaceae  | Veratrum
Veratrum atroviolaceum Loesener; V. warburgii Loesener.
Plants to 1 m tall, basally with brown, reticulate fibers formed from disintegrated sheaths. Leaves basally narrowed to a rather long or basally clasping petiole; leaf blade broadly elliptic to lorate, (15--)20--30(--60) × (0.5--)2--10(--13) cm, glabrous, base cuneate, apex acute to acuminate. Panicle variable in length, laxly many flowered; branches spreading; rachis gray-white woolly; bracts 5--7 mm, abaxially woolly. Pedicel 6--8(--14) mm. Tepals yellowish green, greenish white, brownish, deep purple-violet, or black-purple, subelliptic, oblong, oblong-lanceolate, or obovate-elliptic, 5--8 × 2--3 mm, base not clawed, apex obtuse or subacute; outer tepals pubescent at least at abaxial base. Stamens 2--5 mm. Ovary glabrous. Capsule erect, 1--2 × ca. 1 cm. Fl. and fr. Jun--Oct. 2 n = 16*.
* Shaded and moist places on forested slopes; 700--1400 m. Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Zhejiang.
Chinese records of Veratrum japonicum (Baker) Loesener (e.g., in FRPS) are referable to V. schindleri.


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