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兴安藜芦Veratrum dahuricum

时间:2013-10-09 09:21来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):兴安藜芦 学名( Scientific Name ): Veratrum dahuricum (Turcz.) Loes. f. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Veratrum album var. dahuricum Turcz. 科属( Family Ge
中文名(Chinese Name):兴安藜芦
学名(Scientific Name):Veratrum dahuricum (Turcz.) Loes. f.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Veratrum album var. dahuricum Turcz.
科属(Family & Genus):百合科(Liliaceae)藜芦属
形态特征(Description):植株高70-150厘米,基部具浅褐色或灰色的、无网眼的纤维束。叶椭圆形或卵状椭圆形,长13-23厘米,宽5-11厘米,先端渐尖,基部无柄,抱茎,背面密生银白色短柔毛。圆锥花序近纺锤形,长20-60厘米,具多数近等长的侧生总状花序,生于最下面的侧枝常常再次短分枝,顶端总状花序近等长于侧生花序;总轴和枝轴密生白色短绵状毛;花密集,花被片淡黄绿色带苍白色边缘,近直立或稍开展,椭圆形或卵状椭圆形,长8-12毫米,宽3-4毫米,先端锐尖或稍钝,基部具柄,边缘啮蚀状,背面具短毛;花梗短,长约2毫米;小苞片比花梗长,卵状披针形,背面和边缘有毛;雄蕊长约为花被片的一半;子房近圆锥形,密生短柔毛。花期6-8月。
分布(Distribution):产辽宁、吉林和黑龙江。生于草甸和山坡湿草地。朝鲜和俄罗斯也有。
用途(Use):
引自植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 24 Page 83
Veratrum dahuricum (Turczaninow) Loesener, Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg. 68: 134. 1926.
兴安藜芦 xing an li lu | Liliaceae  | Veratrum
Veratrum album Linnaeus var. dahuricum Turczaninow, Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 28(1): 295. 1855.
Plants 70--150 cm tall, basally with dense, non-reticulate fibers formed from disintegrated sheaths. Leaves cauline, sessile, basally clasping; leaf blade elliptic or ovate-elliptic, 13--23 × 5--11 cm, abaxially densely silvery pubescent, apex acuminate. Panicle ± fusiform, 20--60 cm, many flowered; lateral branches subequaling terminal raceme, basal one usually with branchlets; rachis densely white pubescent-woolly; bracts ovate-lanceolate, pubescent marginally and abaxially. Pedicel ca. 2 mm. Tepals yellowish green, with white margin, elliptic or ovate-elliptic, 0.8--1.2 cm × 3--4 mm, abaxially pubescent, base clawed, margin erose. Stamens 4--6 mm. Ovary ovoid, densely pubescent. Fl. Jun--Aug.
Meadows, moist grassy slopes; near sea level to 500 m. Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, ?Nei Mongol [Korea, Russia].






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