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宝盖草Lamium amplexicaule

时间:2013-09-25 13:07来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):宝盖草 学名( Scientific Name ): Lamium amplexicaule L. 英文名( English Common Name ): henbit deadnettle 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 接骨草、珍珠莲 异名( Synonym ): Galeobdolon amplexicaule (L.) Moench
中文名(Chinese Name):宝盖草
学名(Scientific Name):Lamium amplexicaule L.
英文名(English Common Name):henbit deadnettle
别名(Chinese Common Name):接骨草、珍珠莲
异名(Synonym):Galeobdolon amplexicaule (L.) Moench  Lamiopsis amplexicaulis (L.) Opiz  Pollichia amplexicaulis (L.) Willd.  Lamium amplexicaule var. album A.L. & M.C. Pickens  Lamiella amplexicaulis (L.) E.Fourn.
科属(Family & Genus):唇形科(Labiatae)野芝麻属
形态特征(Description):一年生或二年生植物。茎高10-30厘米,基部多分枝,上升,四棱形,具浅槽,常为深蓝色,几无毛,中空。茎下部叶具长柄,柄与叶片等长或超过之,上部叶无柄,叶片均圆形或肾形,长1-2厘米,宽0.7-1.5厘米,先端圆,基部截形或截状阔楔形,半抱茎,边缘具极深的圆齿,顶部的齿通常较其余的为大,上面暗橄榄绿色,下面稍淡,两面均疏生小糙伏毛。轮伞花序6-10花,其中常有闭花授精的花;苞片披针状钻形,长约4毫米,宽约0.3毫米,具缘毛。花萼管状钟形,长4-5毫米,宽1.7-2毫米,外面密被白色直伸的长柔毛,内面除萼上被白色直伸长柔毛外,余部无毛,萼齿5,披针状锥形,长1.5-2毫米,边缘具缘毛。花冠紫红或粉红色,长1.7厘米,外面除上唇被有较密带紫红色的短柔毛外,余部均被微柔毛,内面无毛环,冠筒细长,长约1.3厘米,直径约1毫米,筒口宽约3毫米,冠檐二唇形,上唇直伸,长圆形,长约4毫米,先端微弯,下唇稍长,3裂,中裂片倒心形,先端深凹,基部收缩,侧裂片浅圆裂片状。雄蕊花丝无毛,花药被长硬毛。花柱丝状,先端不相等2浅裂。花盘杯状,具圆齿。子房无毛。小坚果倒卵圆形,具三棱,先端近截状,基部收缩,长约2毫米,宽约1毫米,淡灰黄色,表面有白色大疣状突起。花期3-5月,果期7-8月。
分布(Distribution):产江苏、安徽、浙江、福建、湖南、湖北、河南、陕西、甘肃、青海、新疆、四川、贵州、云南及西藏;生于海拔4000米以下路旁、林缘、沼泽草地及宅旁等地。欧洲、亚洲
均有广泛的分布。
用途(Use):全草入药,据《滇南本草》记载,治外伤骨折、跌打损伤红肿、毒疮、瘫痪、半身不遂、高血压、小儿肝热及脑漏等症。
引自植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 17 Page 157
Lamium amplexicaule Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 579. 1753.
宝盖草 bao gai cao | Lamiaceae  | Lamium
Galeobdolon amplexicaule (Linnaeus) Moench; Lamiopsis amplexicaulis (Linnaeus) Opiz; Pollichia amplexicaulis (Linnaeus) Willdenow.
Herbs annual or biennial. Stems to 30 cm, much branched at base, ascending, subglabrous. Upper leaves sessile; petiole of basal leaves at least as long as blade; leaf blade circular to reniform, 1-2 × 0.7-1.5 cm, sparsely strigose, base truncate to broadly truncate-cuneate, semi-clasping, margin deeply crenate to almost palmately lobed, apex rounded. Verticillasters 6-10-flowered; bracts ca. 4 × 0.3 mm, ciliate. Calyx tubular-campanulate, 4-5 × 1.7-2 mm, densely villous, glabrous except for white villous apically inside; teeth lanceolate-subulate, 1.5-2 mm, margin ciliate. Corolla purple-red or reddish, ca. 1.7 cm, puberulent; tube ca. 1.3 cm, throat ca. 3 mm wide, annulus absent; upper lip densely purple-red pubescent on outside, straight, oblong, ca. 4 mm, apex slightly curved; lower lip slightly longer; middle lobe obcordate, 2-lobulate. Filaments glabrous; anthers hirsute. Nutlets grayish yellow, obovoid, triquetrous, constricted at base, ca. 2 × 1 mm, white tuberculate. Fl. Mar-May, fr. Jul-Aug.
Roadsides, forest margins, marshes, sometimes weed in fields; 0-4000 m. Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guizhou, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Japan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan; SW Asia, Europe]
Used medicinally for traumatic injury.




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