织梦CMS - 轻松建站从此开始!

花卉图片网

当前位置: 主页 > 野生花卉 >

独一味Lamiophlomis rotata

时间:2018-07-01 09:17来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):独一味 学名( Scientific Name ): Lamiophlomis rotata (Benth.) Kudo 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 打布巴 异名( Synonym ): Phlomis rotata Benth. ex Hook. f. 科属( Family Gen
中文名(Chinese Name):独一味
学名(Scientific Name):Lamiophlomis rotata (Benth.) Kudo
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):打布巴
异名(Synonym):Phlomis rotata Benth. ex Hook. f. 
科属(Family & Genus):唇形科(Labiatae)独一味属
形态特征(Description):草本,高2.5-10厘米;根茎伸长,粗厚,径达1厘米。叶片常4枚,辐状两两相对,菱状圆形、菱形、扇形、横肾形以至三角形,长(4)6-13厘米,宽(4.4)7-12厘米,先端钝、圆形或急尖,基部浅心形或宽楔形,下延至叶柄,边缘具圆齿,上面绿色,密被白色疏柔毛,具皱,下面较淡,仅沿脉上疏被短柔毛,侧脉3-5对,在叶片中部以下生出,其上再一侧分枝,因而呈扇形,与中肋均两面凸起;下部叶柄伸长,长可达8厘米,上部者变短,几至无柄,密被短柔毛。轮伞花序密集排列成有短葶的头状或短穗状花序,有时下部具分枝而呈短圆锥状,长3.5-7厘米,序轴密被短柔毛;苞片披针形、倒披针形或线形,长1-4厘米,宽1.5-6毫米,下部者最大,向上渐小,先端渐尖,基部下延,全缘,具缘毛,上面被疏柔毛,小苞片针刺状,长约8毫米,宽约0.5毫米。花萼管状,长约10毫米,宽约2.5毫米,干时带紫褐色,外面沿脉上被疏柔毛,萼齿5,短三角形,先端具长约2毫米的刺尖,自内面被丛毛。花冠长约1.2厘米,外被微柔毛,内面在冠筒中部密被微柔毛,冠筒管状,基部宽约1.25毫米,向上近等宽,至喉部略增大,宽达2毫米,冠檐二唇形,上唇近圆形,直径约5毫米,边缘具齿牙,自内面密被柔毛,下唇外面除边缘全缘外被微柔毛,内面在中裂片中部被髯毛,余部无毛,3裂,裂片椭圆形,长约4毫米,宽约3毫米,侧裂片较小,长约2.5毫米,宽约2毫米。花期6-7月,果期8-9月。
分布(Distribution):产西藏、青海、甘肃、四川及云南西北部;生于海拔2700-4500米碎石滩中或石质高山草甸、河滩地。尼泊尔、锡金、不丹也有。
用途(Use):民间用全草入药,治跌打损伤、筋骨疼痛、气滞闪腰、浮肿后流黄水、关节积黄水、骨松质发炎。此外据青海对大白鼠股动脉、肱动脉、颈动脉横切断止血试验,认为本种有较好的止血效果。
引自植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 17 Page 156
Lamiophlomis rotata (Bentham ex J. D. Hooker) Kudô, Mem. Fac. Sci. Taihoku Imp. Univ. 2: 211. 1929.
独一味 du yi wei | Lamiaceae  | Lamiophlomis
 Lamiophlomis rotata
Credit: Harvard University Herbaria
Phlomis rotata Bentham ex J. D. Hooker, Fl. Brit. India 4: 694. 1885.
Herbs 2.5-10 cm tall. Rhizome elongate, to 1 cm in diam. Leaves 4(-6), decussate; petiole of basal leaves to 8 cm, upper ones shorter to obsolete; leaf blade rhombic-orbicular to rhombic, flabellate, or reniform, (4-)6-13 cm × (4.4-)7-12 mm, adaxially bullate, densely white pilose, abaxially sparsely pubescent on veins, base shallowly cordate to broadly cuneate-decurrent, margin crenate, apex obtuse to acute; lateral veins 3 pairs, subbasal, flabellate due to secondary branching on 1 side. Inflorescences 3.5-7 cm; rachis densely pubescent; bracts lanceolate, oblanceolate, or linear, 1-4 cm × 1.5-6 mm, reduced upward, base decurrent, margin entire, apex acuminate, ciliate; bracteoles ca. 8 × 0.5 mm. Calyx ca. 10 × 2.5 mm, purplish brown when dry, veins pilose; teeth broadly triangular, spine ca. 2 mm. Corolla purplish, red-purple, or reddish brown, ca. 1.2 cm; tube ca. 1.3 mm wide at base, to 2 mm wide at throat; upper lip subcircular, ca. 5 mm wide; lower lip puberulent except for entire margin outside, glabrous; middle lobe bearded inside, elliptic, ca. 4 × 3 mm; lateral lobes ca. 2.5 × 2 mm. Fl. Jun-Jul, fr. Aug-Sep.
Weathered alpine alluvial fans, stony alpine meadows, floodplains; 2700-4900 m. Gansu, Qinghai, Sichuan, Xizang, Yunnan [Bhutan, India, Nepal]
Used medicinally for traumatic injury.







(责任编辑:徐晔春)
顶一下
(1)
100%
踩一下
(0)
0%
------分隔线----------------------------
发表评论
请自觉遵守互联网相关的政策法规,严禁发布色情、暴力、反动的言论。
评价:
表情:
用户名: 验证码:点击我更换图片
栏目列表
推荐内容