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野芝麻Lamium barbatum

时间:2013-09-25 13:08来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):野芝麻 学名( Scientific Name ): Lamium barbatum Sieb. et Zucc. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 地蚤、山麦胡 异名( Synonym ): Lamium barbatum var. hirsutum C. Y. Wu et Hsuan
中文名(Chinese Name):野芝麻
学名(Scientific Name):Lamium barbatum Sieb. et Zucc.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):地蚤、山麦胡
异名(Synonym):Lamium barbatum var. hirsutum C. Y. Wu et Hsuan  Lamium barbatum var. rigidum C. Y. Wu et Hsuan  Lamium barbatum var. glabrescens C. Y. Wu et Hsuan  Lamium album var. barbatum (Siebold et Zucc.) Franch. et Sav.  Lamium album subsp. orientale Kamelin & A.L.Budantsev  Lamium album var. kitadakense N.Yonez.  Lamium takeshimense Nakai  Lamium album subsp. barbatum (Siebold & Zucc.) Mennema
科属(Family & Genus):唇形科(Labiatae)野芝麻属
形态特征(Description):多年生植物;根茎有长地下匍匐枝。茎高达1米,单生,直立,四棱形,具浅槽,中空,几无毛。茎下部的叶卵圆形或心脏形,长4.5-8.5厘米,宽3.5-5厘米,先端尾状渐尖,基部心形,茎上部的叶卵圆状披针形,较茎下部的叶为长而狭,先端长尾状渐尖,边缘有微内弯的牙齿状锯齿,齿尖具胼胝体的小突尖,草质,两面均被短硬毛,叶柄长达7厘米,茎上部的渐变短。轮伞花序4-14花,着生于茎端;苞片狭线形或丝状,长2-3毫米,锐尖,具缘毛。花萼钟形,长约1.5厘米,宽约4毫米,外面疏被伏毛,膜质,萼齿披针状钻形,长7-10毫米,具缘毛。花冠白或浅黄色,长约2厘米,冠筒基部直径2毫米,稍上方呈囊状膨大,筒口宽至6毫米,外面在上部被疏硬毛或近绒毛状毛被,余部几无毛,内面冠筒近基部有毛环,冠檐二唇形,上唇直立,倒卵圆形或长圆形,长约1.2厘米,先端圆形或微缺,边缘具缘毛及长柔毛,下唇长约6毫米,3裂,中裂片倒肾形,先端深凹,基部急收缩,侧裂片宽,浅圆裂片状,长约0.5毫米,先端有针状小齿。雄蕊花丝扁平,被微柔毛,彼此粘连,花药深紫色,被柔毛。花柱丝状,先端近相等的2浅裂。花盘杯状。子房裂片长圆形,无毛。小坚果倒卵圆形,先端截形,基部渐狭,长约3毫米,直径1.8毫米,淡褐色。花期4-6月,果期7-8月。
分布(Distribution):产东北、华北、华东各省区、陕西、甘肃、湖北、湖南、四川、贵州;生于海拔2600米以下路边、溪旁、田埂及荒坡上。俄罗斯、朝鲜、日本也有。
用途(Use):本种民间入药,花用于治子宫及泌尿系统疾患、白带及行经困难,全草用于跌打损伤、小儿疳积。
引自植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 17 Page 157
Lamium barbatum Siebold & Zuccarini, Abh. Math.-Phys. Cl. Königl. Bayer. Akad. Wiss. 4: 158. 1846.
野芝麻 ye zhi ma | Lamiaceae  | Lamium
Lamium album Linnaeus var. barbatum (Siebold & Zuccarini) Franchet & Savatier; L. barbatum var. glabrescens C. Y. Wu & Hsuan; L. barbatum var. hirsutum C. Y. Wu & Hsuan; L. barbatum var. rigidum C. Y. Wu & Hsuan.
Herbs perennial. Stems to 1 m, unbranched, erect, subglabrous or appressed hirtellous to hirsute. Petiole of basal leaf to 7 cm, apex shorter; basal leaf blade ovate to cordate, 4.5-8.5 × 3.5-5 cm, base cordate, apex caudate-acuminate; upper stem leaves ovate-lanceolate, herbaceous, margin incurved dentate-serrate, hirtellous. Verticillasters 4-14-flowered, in upper axils; bracts linear or filiform, 2-3 mm, ciliate. Calyx campanulate, 11-15 × 4-6 mm, subglabrous to sparsely strigose; teeth lanceolate-subulate, 7-10 mm, ciliate. Corolla white or yellowish, ca. 2 cm; tube ca. 2 mm wide near base, saccate, throat to 8 mm wide, partly hairy, hairy annulate near base inside; upper lip obovate or oblong, ca. 1.2 cm, margin ciliate, villous, apex rounded to emarginate; lower lip ca. 6 mm, middle lobe obreniform, 2-lobulate, base abruptly constricted; lateral lobes semicircular, ca. 0.5 mm, each with a needlelike marginal tooth. Anthers dark purple. Nutlets brownish, obovoid, apex truncate, base attenuate, ca. 3 × 1.8 mm. Fl. Apr-Jun, fr. Jul-Aug.
Roadsides, fields, waste areas on hillsides, streamsides; 800-2600 m. Anhui, Gansu, Guizhou, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Zhejiang [Japan, Korea, Russia]
Lamium barbatum is often included in L. album, and their separation needs more detailed investigation.
Fl. USSR states that the corolla can be pinkish; this does not seem to have been recorded for Chinese material.





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