织梦CMS - 轻松建站从此开始!

花卉图片网

当前位置: 主页 > 野生花卉 >

全缘叶马兰Kalimeris integrifolia

时间:2013-07-23 14:32来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):全缘叶马兰 学名( Scientific Name ): Kalimeris integrifolia (Hance) Kitag. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 扫帚鸡儿肠、全叶马兰 异名( Synonym ): Kalimeris integrifolia Turcz.






中文名(Chinese Name):全缘叶马兰
学名(Scientific Name):Kalimeris integrifolia (Hance) Kitag.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):扫帚鸡儿肠、全叶马兰
异名(Synonym):Kalimeris integrifolia Turcz. ex DC.  Aster holophyllus Hemsl.  Aster franchetianus H. Lév.  Asteromoea pekinensis Hance  Boltonia pekinensis (Hance) Hance
科属(Family & Genus):菊科(Compositae)马兰属
形态特征(Description):多年生草本,有长纺锤状直根。茎直立,高30-70厘米,单生或数个丛生,被细硬毛,中部以上有近直立的帚状分枝。下部叶在花期枯萎;中部叶多而密,条状披针形、倒披针形或矩圆形,长2.5-4厘米,宽0.4-0.6厘米,顶端钝或渐尖,常有小尖头,基部渐狭无柄,全缘,边缘稍反卷;上部叶较小,条形;全部叶下面灰绿,两面密被粉状短绒毛;中脉在下面凸起。头状花序单生枝端且排成疏伞房状。总苞半球形,径7-8毫米,长4毫米;总苞片3层,覆瓦状排列,外层近条形,长1.5毫米,内层矩圆状披针形,长几达4毫米,顶端尖,上部单质,有短粗毛及腺点。舌状花1层,20余个,管部长1毫米,有毛;舌片淡紫色,长11毫米,宽2.5毫米。管状花花冠长3毫米,管部长1毫米,有毛。瘦果倒卵形,长1.8-2毫米,宽1.5毫米,浅褐色,扁,有浅色边肋,或一面有肋而果呈三棱形,上部有短毛及腺。冠毛带褐色,长0.3-0.5毫米,不等长,弱而易脱落。花期6-10月,果期7-11月。
分布(Distribution):产我国西部、中部、东部、北部及东北部,生于山坡、林缘、灌丛、路旁等处。朝鲜、日本、俄罗斯也有。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版 FOC Vol. 20-21 Page 584, 585
Aster pekinensis (Hance) F. H. Chen, Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol., Bot. 5: 41. 1934.
全叶马兰 quan ye ma lan| Asteraceae  | Aster
Asteromoea pekinensis Hance, Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 4, 15: 225. 1861; Aster franchetianus H. Léveillé; A. holophyllus Hemsley, nom. illeg. superfl.; A. integrifolius (Turczaninow ex Candolle) Franchet (1884), not Nuttall (1840); Asteromoea integrifolia (Turczaninow ex Candolle) Loesener; Boltonia integrifolia (Turczaninow ex Candolle) Bentham & J. D. Hooker; B. pekinensis (Hance) Hance; Kalimeris integrifolia Turczaninow ex Candolle.
Herbs, perennial, (10-)30-140 cm tall; roots erect, fusiform. Stems erect, solitary or several fascicled, hispidulous, fastigiately branched from middle part. Leaves gray-green, puberulent-tomentulose, midvein adaxially prominent; lower cauline leaves withered by anthesis; middle leaves dense, sessile, linear-lanceolate, oblanceolate, or oblong, 2.5-4 × 0.4-0.6 cm, base gradually attenuate, margin revolute, entire, apex obtuse or acuminate, mucronate; upper leaves small, linear. Capitula in loose corymbiform synflorescences. Involucres hemispheric, ca. 4 × 7-8 mm; phyllaries 3-seriate, imbricate, abaxially densely hispidulous, densely glandular; outer phyllaries linear, ca. 1.5 mm; inner phyllaries oblong-lanceolate, ca. 4 mm, acute, leaflike distally. Ray florets 19-29, pale lilac to pale purple, tube ca. 1 mm, hairy, lamina (5.2-)6-13.5(-15) × ca. 2.5 mm; disk florets 2.1-3.4 mm, tube ca. 1 mm, hairy, lobes unequal. Achenes brownish, obovoid, compressed or sometimes trigonous, 1.8-2 × ca. 1.5 mm, apically puberulent and glandular, 2-4-ribbed. Pappus easily deciduous, brownish, fragile, 0.3-0.5 mm, unequal, sometimes absent. Fl. May-Oct, fr. Jul-Nov.
Forest margins, thickets, mountain slopes, riverbanks, roadsides; sea level to 1600 m. Anhui, Gansu, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Korea, E Russia].
(责任编辑:徐晔春)
织梦二维码生成器
顶一下
(1)
100%
踩一下
(0)
0%
------分隔线----------------------------
发表评论
请自觉遵守互联网相关的政策法规,严禁发布色情、暴力、反动的言论。
评价:
表情:
用户名: 验证码:点击我更换图片
栏目列表
推荐内容