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蓼子朴Inula salsoloides

时间:2013-07-23 14:30来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):蓼子朴 学名( Scientific Name ): Inula salsoloides (Turcz.) Ostenf. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 黄喇嘛、山猫眼 异名( Synonym ): Conyza salsoloides Turcz. Inula ammophila



中文名(Chinese Name):蓼子朴
学名(Scientific Name): Inula salsoloides (Turcz.) Ostenf.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):黄喇嘛、山猫眼
异名(Synonym):Conyza salsoloides Turcz.  Inula ammophila var. salsoloides (Turcz.) Turcz.  Inula ammophila Bunge ex DC.  Iphiona radiata Benth.
科属(Family & Genus):菊科(Compositae)旋覆花属
形态特征(Description):亚灌木,地下茎分枝长,横走,木质,有疏生膜质尖披针形,长达20毫米,宽达4毫米的鳞片状叶;节间长达4厘米。茎平卧,或斜升,或直立,圆柱形,下部木质,高达45厘米,基部径达5毫米,基部有密集的长分枝,中部以上有较短的分枝,分枝细,常弯曲,被白色基部常疣状的长粗毛,后上部常脱毛,有时茎和叶都被毛 (f. villosa),全部有密生的叶;节间长5-20毫米,或在小枝上更短。叶披针状或长圆状线形,长5-10毫米,宽1-3毫米,全缘,基部常心形或有小耳,半抱茎,边缘平或稍反卷,顶端钝或稍尖,稍肉质,上面无毛,下面有腺及短毛。头状花序径1-1.5 厘米,单生于枝端。总苞倒卵形,长8-9毫米;总苞片4-5层,线状卵圆状至长圆状披针形,渐尖,干膜质,基部常稍革质,黄绿色,背面无毛,上部或全部有缘毛,外层渐小。舌状花较总苞长半倍,舌浅黄色,椭圆状线形,长约6毫米,顶端有3个细齿;花柱分枝细长,顶端圆形;管状花花冠长约6毫米,上部狭漏斗状,顶端有尖裂片;花药顶端稍尖;花柱分枝顶端钝。冠毛白色,与管状花药等长,有约70个细毛。瘦果长1.5毫米,有多数细沟,被腺和疏粗毛,上端有较长的毛。花期5-8月,果期7-9月。
分布(Distribution):产我国北部及西北部的干旱草原、半荒漠、流砂地、固定沙丘、冲积地、风沙地等处。俄罗斯及蒙古也有。
用途(Use):良好的固沙植物,有发育的地下茎;茎常横卧,为沙土掩盖后到处生根和直立的分枝,往往成片生长。此种由于耐干旱、易繁殖的特性,可供固沙的广泛采用。
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 20-21 Page 838, 839
Inula salsoloides (Turczaninow) Ostenfeld in Hedin, S. Tibet. 6(3): 39. 1922.
蓼子朴 liao zi pu| Asteraceae  | Inula
Conyza salsoloides Turczaninow, Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 5: 197. 1832; Inula ammophila Bunge ex Candolle; I. schugnanica C. Winkler.
Perennials. Stems up to 35 cm tall, lower part covered with white straight hairs, upper almost smooth, with numerous long, thin, spreading, thinly angulate, densely leaved branches. Leaves sessile, lanceolate or lanceolate-linear, lower ones 5-9 × 5-6 mm, upper ones 3-6 × 1.8-3 mm, all leaves thick, pubescent abaxially with white, long, straight hairs and dispersed golden, sessile glands, base almost cordate, margin entire, involute, apex acuminate, spreading. Capitula numerous, ca. 1.5 cm in diam., solitary at ends of sprigs. Involucre ca. 0.8 cm in diam., polyphyllous, multiseriate and with appressed phyllaries; phyllaries acute, upper part shortly pilose, external surface sparsely golden glandular and ciliate at margins, outer ones oblong-lanceolate or lanceolate, ca. 3 × 1.2 mm, median linear, ca. 2 × as long as outer, ca. 0.4 mm wide, inner narrowly linear, 7-9 × ca. 0.3 mm. Ray florets yellow, 1.1-1.3 cm, longer than phyllaries by ca. 1/3; tube small, ca. 5 mm, shorter than pappus; lamina narrowly linear, 6-8 × 1-1.2 mm, 3- or 4-veined, tridentate, teeth ca. 0.8 mm. Disk florets yellow, as long as or slightly longer than pappus, 5-dentate, teeth smooth. Achenes brown, cylindric, 1.2-2 × ca. 0.2 mm, longitudinally finely ribbed, covered with dispersed golden, orbicular, sessile glands. Pappus 6-8 mm, with numerous bristles. Fl. May-Aug, fr. Jul-Sep.
Dry grasslands, sand banks, alluvium; 500-2000 m. Gansu, Hebei, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Xinjiang [Afghanistan, Mongolia, Russia].

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