织梦CMS - 轻松建站从此开始!

花卉图片网

当前位置: 主页 > 野生花卉 >

旋覆花Inula japonica

时间:2013-07-23 14:27来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):旋覆花 学名( Scientific Name ): Inula japonica (Miq.) Komarov 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 金佛花、六月菊 异名 ( Synonym ): Inula britanica Linn. Inula britannica var. ja





中文名(Chinese Name):旋覆花
学名(Scientific Name):Inula japonica (Miq.) Komarov
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):金佛花、六月菊
异名Synonym):Inula britanica Linn.  Inula britannica var. japonica (Thunb.) Franch. et Sav.  Limbarda japonica (Thunb.) Raf.  Inula britannica var. vulgaris Franch. et Sav.  Inula repanda Turcz.  Inula britannica subsp. japonica (Thunb.) Kitam.  Inula britanica var. japonica (Thunb.) Franch. et Sav.  Inula britanica var. tymiensis Kudo  Inula yosezatoana Makino  Inula britannica var. chinensis
科属Family & Genus):菊科(Compositae)旋覆花属
形态特征Description):多年生草本。根状茎短,横走或斜升,有多少粗壮的须根。茎单生,有时2-3个簇生,直立,高30-70厘米,有时基部具不定根,基部径3-10毫米,有细沟,被长伏毛,或下部有时脱毛,上部有上升或开展的分枝,全部有叶;节间长2-4厘米。基部叶常较小,在花期枯萎;中部叶长圆形,长圆状披针形或披针形,长4-13厘米,宽1.5-3.5稀4厘米,基部多少狭窄,常有圆形半抱茎的小耳,无柄,顶端稍尖或渐尖,边缘有小尖头状疏齿或全缘,上面有疏毛或近无毛,下面有疏伏毛和腺点;中脉和侧脉有较密的长毛;上部叶渐狭小,线状披针形。头状花序径3-4厘米,多数或少数排列成疏散的伞房花序;花序梗细长。总苞半球形,径13-17毫米,长7-8毫米;总苞片约6层,线状披针形,近等长,但最外层常叶质而较长;外层基部革质,上部叶质,背面有伏毛或近无毛,有缘毛;内层除绿色中脉外干膜质,渐尖,有腺点和缘毛。舌状花黄色,较总苞长2-2.5倍;舌片线形,长10-13毫米;管状花花冠长约5毫米,有三角披针形裂片;冠毛1层,白色有20余个微糙毛,与管状花近等长。瘦果长1-1.2毫米,圆柱形,有10条沟,顶端截形,被疏短毛。花期6-10月,果期9-11月。
分布(Distribution):产我国北部、东北部、中部及东部各省,生于海拔150-2400米的路边、草地、河岸及田梗上。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 20-21 Page 838, 842
Inula japonica Thunberg, Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. 4: 39. 1783.
旋覆花 xuan fu hua | Asteraceae  | Inula
Herbs, perennial, from short rhizomes. Stems 15-100 cm tall, striate, appressed pilose, sometimes glabrescent, simple, branched up to synflorescence. Leaves radical and cauline; radical and lower cauline leaves smaller than median leaves, withering before flowering; median leaves lanceolate, oblong, or ovate, appressed pilose or subglabrous on both surfaces, base abruptly narrowed, sessile or semiclasping, apex subacute; upper leaves gradually smaller, 10-25 mm. Capitula usually few or solitary, radiate, ca. 3.5 cm in diam., sometimes with subtending bracteal leaves. Involucre subglobose, 7-8 mm tall; phyllaries in 5 series, subequal, outer ones lanceolate, apex acuminate, inner narrow, scarious, ciliolate. Marginal florets in 1 series; lamina yellow, 16-19 × 1.5-2 mm. Disk 1.5-1.7 cm in diam.; corollas ca. 3 mm. Achenes cylindric, ca. 1 mm, 10-ribbed, pilose. Pappus of capillary bristles, sordid, ca. 5 mm, bristles minutely scabrid. Fl. Jun-Oct. 2n = 16, 24.
Montane slopes, grasslands, riverbanks, fields, broad-leaved forests, streamsides; 100-2400 m. Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Zhejiang [Japan, Korea, Mongolia, Russia].

(责任编辑:徐晔春)
织梦二维码生成器
顶一下
(0)
0%
踩一下
(1)
100%
------分隔线----------------------------
发表评论
请自觉遵守互联网相关的政策法规,严禁发布色情、暴力、反动的言论。
评价:
表情:
用户名: 验证码:点击我更换图片
栏目列表
推荐内容