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姜Zingiber officinale

TAG标签: 姜科 闭鞘姜属 Costus
时间:2018-06-29 13:44来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 姜 学名( Scientific Name ): Zingiber officinale Rosc. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Amomum zingiber L. Zingiber sichuanense Z. Y. Zhu et al. Amomum zinzi
中文名(Chinese Name):
学名(Scientific Name):Zingiber officinale Rosc.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Amomum zingiber L.  Zingiber sichuanense Z. Y. Zhu et al.  Amomum zinziba Hill  Zingiber cholmondeleyi (F.M.Bailey) K.Schum.  Zingiber zingiber (L.) H.Karst.  Zingiber officinale f. rubens (Makino) M.Hiroe  Zingiber officinale var. rubens Makino  Zingiber officinale var. cholmondeleyi F.M.Bailey  Zingiber officinale f. macrorhizonum (Makino) M.Hiroe  Zingiber officinale var. macrorhizonum Makino  Zingiber officinale var. rubrum Theilade  Zingiber officinale var. sichuanense (Z.Y.Zhu, S.L.Zhang & S.X.Chen) Z.Y.Zhu, S.L.Zhang  Zingiber majus Rumph.  Curcuma longifolia Wall
科属Family & Genus):姜科Zingiberaceae姜属Zingiber
形态特征Description):株高0.5-1米;根茎肥厚,多分枝,有芳香及辛辣味。叶片披针形或线状披针形,长15-30厘米,宽2-2.5厘米,无毛,无柄;叶舌膜质,长2-4毫米。总花梗长达25厘米;穗状花序球果状,长4-5厘米;苞片卵形,长约2.5厘米,淡绿色或边缘淡黄色,顶端有小尖头;花萼管长约1厘米;花冠黄绿色,管长2-2.5厘米,裂片披针形,长不及2厘米;唇瓣中央裂片长圆状倒卵形,短于花冠裂片,有紫色条纹及淡黄色斑点,侧裂片卵形,长约6毫米;雄蕊暗紫色,花药长约9毫米;药隔附属体钻状,长约7毫米。花期:秋季。
分布(Distribution):我国中部、东南部至西南部各省区广为栽培。亚洲热带地区亦常见栽培。
用途(Use):根茎供药用,干姜主治“心腹冷痛,吐泻,肢冷脉微,寒饮喘咳,风寒湿痹。”生姜主洽 “感冒风寒,呕吐,痰饮,喘咳,胀满;解半夏、天南星及鱼蟹、鸟兽肉毒。”又可作烹调配料或制成酱菜、糖姜。茎、叶、根茎均可提取芳香油,用于食品、饮料及化妆品香料中。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 24
Zingiber officinale Roscoe, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 8: 348. 1807.
姜 jiang | Zingiberaceae  | Zingiber
Amomum zingiber Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 1. 1753; Zingiber sichuanense Z. Y. Zhu et al.
Rhizomes branched, yellowish inside, thickened, fleshy, strongly aromatic. Pseudostems 50--100 cm. Leaves sessile; ligule slightly 2-lobed, 2--4 mm, membranous; leaf blade lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, 15--30 × 2--2.5 cm, glabrescent. Inflorescences arising from rhizomes, ovoid, 4--5 × ca. 1.5 cm; peduncle to 25 cm; bracts pale green, sometimes yellowish at margin, ovate, ca. 2.5 cm, apex mucronate; bracteoles equaling bracts. Calyx ca. 1 cm. Corolla yellowish green; tube 2--2.5 cm; lobes lanceolate, ca. 1.8 cm. Central lobe of labellum with purple stripe and cream blotches, oblong-obovate, shorter than corolla lobes; lateral lobes ovate, ca. 6 mm, free nearly to base. Stamen dark purple; anther ca. 9 mm; connective appendage curved, ca. 7 mm. Fl. Oct. 2 n = 22*.
Cultivated. Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Shandong, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [native origin unknown; widely cultivated in the tropics and subtropics].
Widely cultivated for medicine and spice.


 




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