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马铃薯Solanum tuberosum

时间:2013-11-09 17:06来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 马铃薯 学名( Scientific Name ) :Solanum tuberosum Linn. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 阳芋、土豆 异名( Synonym ): Hawkes Solanum andigenum subsp. aya-papa Bukasov Lechn.
中文名(Chinese Name):马铃薯
学名(Scientific Name:Solanum tuberosum Linn.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):阳芋、土豆
异名(Synonym):Hawkes  Solanum andigenum subsp. aya-papa Bukasov & Lechn.  Solanum andigenum subsp. bolivianum Lechn.  Solanum andigenum subsp. ecuatorianum Lechn.  Solanum subandigena Hawkes
科属Family & Genus):茄科(Solanaceae)茄属
形态特征Description):草本,高30-80厘米,无毛或被疏柔毛。地下茎块状,扁圆形或长圆形,直径约3-10厘米,外皮白色,淡红色或紫色。叶为奇数不相等的羽状复叶,小叶常大小相间,长10-20厘米;叶柄长约2.5-5厘米;小叶,6-8对,卵形至长圆形,最大者长可达6厘米,宽达3.2厘米,最小者长宽均不及1厘米,先端尖,基部稍不相等,全缘,两面均被白色疏柔毛,侧脉每边6-7条,先端略弯,小叶柄长约1-8,毫米。伞房花序顶生,后侧生,花白色或蓝紫色;萼钟形,直径约1厘米,外面被疏柔毛,5裂,裂片披针形,先端长渐尖;花冠辐状,直径约2.5-3厘米,花冠筒隐于萼内,长约2毫米,冠檐长约1.5厘米,裂片5,三角形,长约5毫米;雄蕊长约6毫米,花药长为花丝长度的5倍;子房卵圆形,无毛,花柱长约8毫米,柱头头状。浆果圆球状,光滑,直径约1.5厘米。花期夏季。
分布(Distribution):原产热带美洲的山地,我国各地均有栽培。
用途(Use):块茎富含淀粉,可供食用,为山区主粮之一,并为淀粉工业的主要原料。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 17 Page 320   
Solanum tuberosum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 185. 1753.
阳芋 yang yu| Solanaceae  | Solanum
Herbs erect or sprawling, 30-80 cm tall, glabrous or sparsely pubescent with simple and glandular hairs. Stolons bearing underground tubers; tubers white, red, or purplish, globose, oblate, or elliptic, 3-10 cm in diam., fleshy. Leaves interruptedly odd-pinnate, with 6-8 pairs of leaflets and smaller, unequal interstitial leaflets; petiole 2.5-5 cm; leaflet blade ovate or oblong, mostly sparingly pilose. Inflorescences appearing terminal, leaf opposed, or axillary, many-flowered, sparingly branched panicles. Pedicel articulate near middle, 1-2 cm. Calyx sparsely pubescent; lobes lanceolate. Corolla white, pink, or blue-purple, sometimes all on 1 plant, rotate, 2.5-3 cm in diam.; lobes deltate, ca. 5 mm. Filaments ca. 1 mm; anthers 5-6 mm. Ovary glabrous. Style ca. 8 mm. Berry green or yellowish green, often striped, globose, smooth, ca. 1.5 cm in diam. Fl. and fr. summer and autumn.
Widely cultivated throughout China, also in other temperate regions of the world [Native to South America]
 
中文名(Chinese Name):马铃薯
学名(Scientific Name:Solanum tuberosum Linn.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):阳芋、土豆
异名(Synonym):Hawkes  Solanum andigenum subsp. aya-papa Bukasov & Lechn.  Solanum andigenum subsp. bolivianum Lechn.  Solanum andigenum subsp. ecuatorianum Lechn.  Solanum subandigena Hawkes
科属Family & Genus):茄科(Solanaceae)茄属
形态特征Description):草本,高30-80厘米,无毛或被疏柔毛。地下茎块状,扁圆形或长圆形,直径约3-10厘米,外皮白色,淡红色或紫色。叶为奇数不相等的羽状复叶,小叶常大小相间,长10-20厘米;叶柄长约2.5-5厘米;小叶,6-8对,卵形至长圆形,最大者长可达6厘米,宽达3.2厘米,最小者长宽均不及1厘米,先端尖,基部稍不相等,全缘,两面均被白色疏柔毛,侧脉每边6-7条,先端略弯,小叶柄长约1-8,毫米。伞房花序顶生,后侧生,花白色或蓝紫色;萼钟形,直径约1厘米,外面被疏柔毛,5裂,裂片披针形,先端长渐尖;花冠辐状,直径约2.5-3厘米,花冠筒隐于萼内,长约2毫米,冠檐长约1.5厘米,裂片5,三角形,长约5毫米;雄蕊长约6毫米,花药长为花丝长度的5倍;子房卵圆形,无毛,花柱长约8毫米,柱头头状。浆果圆球状,光滑,直径约1.5厘米。花期夏季。
分布(Distribution):原产热带美洲的山地,我国各地均有栽培。
用途(Use):块茎富含淀粉,可供食用,为山区主粮之一,并为淀粉工业的主要原料。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 17 Page 320   
Solanum tuberosum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 185. 1753.
阳芋 yang yu| Solanaceae  | Solanum
Herbs erect or sprawling, 30-80 cm tall, glabrous or sparsely pubescent with simple and glandular hairs. Stolons bearing underground tubers; tubers white, red, or purplish, globose, oblate, or elliptic, 3-10 cm in diam., fleshy. Leaves interruptedly odd-pinnate, with 6-8 pairs of leaflets and smaller, unequal interstitial leaflets; petiole 2.5-5 cm; leaflet blade ovate or oblong, mostly sparingly pilose. Inflorescences appearing terminal, leaf opposed, or axillary, many-flowered, sparingly branched panicles. Pedicel articulate near middle, 1-2 cm. Calyx sparsely pubescent; lobes lanceolate. Corolla white, pink, or blue-purple, sometimes all on 1 plant, rotate, 2.5-3 cm in diam.; lobes deltate, ca. 5 mm. Filaments ca. 1 mm; anthers 5-6 mm. Ovary glabrous. Style ca. 8 mm. Berry green or yellowish green, often striped, globose, smooth, ca. 1.5 cm in diam. Fl. and fr. summer and autumn.
Widely cultivated throughout China, also in other temperate regions of the world [Native to South America]
 






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