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大粒咖啡Coffea liberica

时间:2013-11-08 12:43来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):大粒咖啡 学名( Scientific Name ): Coffea liberica W. Bull ex Hiern. 英文名( English Common Name ): Liberian coffee 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 大果咖啡 异名( Synonym ): 科属( Family Genus ): 茜草科
中文名(Chinese Name):大粒咖啡
学名(Scientific Name):Coffea liberica W. Bull ex Hiern.
英文名(English Common Name):Liberian coffee
别名(Chinese Common Name):大果咖啡
异名(Synonym):
科属(Family & Genus):茜草科(Rubiaceae)咖啡属
形态特征(Description):小乔木或大灌木,高6-15米;枝开展,幼时呈压扁状。叶薄革质,椭圆形、倒卵状椭圆形或披针形,长15-30厘米,宽6-12厘米,顶端阔急尖,渐尖部分长4-10毫米,基部阔楔尖,全缘,两面无毛,下面脉腋有小窝孔,窝孔内具短丛毛;侧脉每边8-10条;叶柄粗壮,长8-20毫米;托叶基部合生,阔三角形,长3-4毫米,顶端钝,罕有凸尖。聚伞花序短小,2至数个簇生于叶腋或在老枝的叶痕上,有极短的总花梗;苞片合生,二型,通常2枚阔卵形,顶端截平,2枚线形,有时呈叶形。花未见。浆果大,阔椭圆形,长19-21毫米,直径15-17毫米,成熟时鲜红色,顶端冠以宽4-7毫米、凸起的花盘;种子长圆形,长15毫米,直径约10毫米,平滑。花期1-5月。
分布(Distribution):原产非洲西海岸的利比里亚的低海拔森林内,现广植各热带地区。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 19 Page 90, 91, 92 
Coffea liberica W. Bull ex Hiern, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 1: 171. 1876.
大粒咖啡 da li ka fei| Rubiaceae  | Coffea
Coffea dewevrei De Wildeman & T. Durand.
Small trees or large shrubs, 6-15 m tall; branches flattened to weakly angled, often rather stout, glabrous. Petiole 8-20 mm, often rather stout, glabrous; leaf blade drying thinly leathery to stiffly papery, elliptic to obovate or obovate-elliptic, 14-38 × 5.5-12(-20.5) cm, glabrous on both surfaces, base cuneate to obtuse, margins flat, apex obtuse to shortly acuminate with tip 4-10 mm; secondary veins 7-10(-13) pairs, without domatia or with glabrous to pilosulous foveolate domatia; stipules broadly triangular, 2-4.5 mm, obtuse to acute but not aristate. Inflorescences with cymes 1-3 per axil, each cyme fasciculate to subcapitate, 2-10-flowered, subsessile; bracts cupuliform, 1-3 mm; pedicels to 1 mm. Calyx glabrous; ovary portion ellipsoid-cylindrical, 1.5-3.5 mm; limb reduced or glandular-denticulate, to 0.2 mm. Corolla white, funnelform, outside glabrous; tube 4-13 mm; lobes 6-8, spatulate to lanceolate or narrowly elliptic, 8-16 mm, obtuse to rounded. Drupe red, ellipsoid, 19-21 × 15-17 mm, smooth when dry, glabrous. Fl. Jan-May, fr. presumably Aug-Nov.
Cultivated in moist, warm to cool regions. Fujian, Guangdong, Hainan, Yunnan [widespread in tropical Africa; widely but not intensively cultivated in tropical regions worldwide].
This species is diploid and is cultivated as "Liberica Coffee." It has been hybridized with several other species to produce commercial coffee plants.
 




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