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樱桃 Cerasus pseudocerasus

时间:2013-11-06 20:46来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 樱桃 学名( Scientific Name ): Cerasus pseudocerasus (Lindl.) G. Don 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 莺桃、荆桃 异名( Synonym ): Cerasus scopulorum (Koehne) Y et Li Prunus p
中文名(Chinese Name):樱桃
学名(Scientific Name):Cerasus pseudocerasus (Lindl.) G. Don
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):莺桃、荆桃
异名(Synonym):Cerasus scopulorum (Koehne) Yü et Li  Prunus pauciflora Bunge  Prunus scopulorum Koehne  Prunus involucrata Koehne  Prunus pseudocerasus Lindl.  Prunus ampla Koehne  Prunus saltuum Koehne 
科属(Family & Genus):蔷薇科(Rosaceae)樱属
形态特征(Description):乔木,高2-6米,树皮灰白色。小枝灰褐色,嫩枝绿色,无毛或被疏柔毛。冬芽卵形,无毛。叶片卵形或长圆状卵形,长5-12厘米,宽3-5厘米,先端渐尖或尾状渐尖,基部圆形,边有尖锐重锯齿,齿端有小腺体,上面暗绿色,近无毛,下面淡绿色,沿脉或脉间有稀疏柔毛,侧脉9-11对;叶柄长0.7-1.5厘米,被疏柔毛,先端有1或2个大腺体;托叶早落,披针形,有羽裂腺齿。花序伞房状或近伞形,有花3-6朵,先叶开放;总苞倒卵状椭圆形,褐色,长约5毫米,宽约3毫米,边有腺齿;花梗长0.8-1.9厘米,被疏柔毛;萼筒钟状,长3-6毫米,宽2-3毫米,外面被疏柔毛,萼片三角卵圆形或卵状长圆形,先端急尖或钝,边缘全缘,长为萼筒的一半或过半;花瓣白色,卵圆形,先端下凹或二裂;雄蕊30-35枚,栽培者可达50枚;花柱与雄蕊近等长,无毛。核果近球形,红色,直径0.9-1.3厘米。花期3-4月,果期5-6月。
分布(Distribution):产辽宁、河北、陕西、甘肃、山东、河南、江苏、浙江、江西、四川,生于海拔300-600米山坡阳处或沟边。
用途(Use):本种在我国久经栽培,品种颇多,供食用,也可酿樱桃酒。枝、叶、根、花也可供药用。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 9 Page 418
Cerasus pseudocerasus (Lindley) Loudon, Hort. Brit. 200. 1830.
樱桃 ying tao | Rosaceae  | Cerasus
Prunus pseudocerasus Lindley, Trans. Hort. Soc. London 6: 90. 1826; Cerasus scopulorum (Koehne) T. T. Yü & L. C. Li; Prunus involucrata Koehne; P. pauciflora Bunge; P. scopulorum Koehne.
Trees 2–8 m tall. Bark grayish white to reddish brown. Branchlets grayish brown; young branchlets green, glabrous or pilose. Winter buds ovoid to long elliptic, glabrous or subglabrous. Stipules lanceolate to narrowly lorate, soon caducous, margin gland-tipped fimbriate. Petiole 0.5–1.5 cm, glabrous or pilose, apex with 1–3 large nectaries; leaf blade ovate, oblong-ovate, or long elliptic, 5–12 × 3–6 cm, abaxially pale green and pilose along and between veins, adaxially dark green and subglabrous, base rounded, margin acutely biserrate or incised serrate, teeth with a minute apical gland; secondary veins 9–11 on either side of midvein. Inflorescences corymbose or subumbellate, 3–7-flowered; involucral bracts brown, obovate-elliptic, ca. 5 × 3 mm, margin glandular serrate. Flowers opening before leaves. Pedicel 0.8–1.9 cm, pilose. Hypanthium campanulate, 3–6 × 2–3 mm, outside pilose. Sepals triangular-ovate to ovate-oblong, 1/2 or more as long as hypanthium, margin entire, apex acute to obtuse. Petals white, ovate to long elliptic, apically emarginate or 2-lobed. Stamens 30–35(–50 in cultivated varieties). Style nearly as long as stamens, glabrous. Drupe red, subglobose, 0.9–1.3 cm in diam.; endocarp ± sculptured. Fl. Mar–Apr, fr. May–Jun.
Sunny mountain slopes, sides of ravines, usually cultivated; 300--1200 m. Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guizhou, Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Liaoning, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang.
 




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