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洋蒲桃 Syzygium samarangense

时间:2013-10-23 11:50来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):洋蒲桃 学名( Scientific Name ): Syzygium samarangense (Blume) Merr. L.M. Perry 英文名( English Common Name ): syzygium 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 莲雾 异名( Synonym ): Jambosa samarangensis (Blume) D
中文名(Chinese Name):洋蒲桃
学名(Scientific Name):Syzygium samarangense (Blume) Merr. & L.M. Perry
英文名(English Common Name):syzygium
别名(Chinese Common Name):莲雾
异名(Synonym):Jambosa samarangensis (Blume) DC.  Eugenia javanica Lam.  Myrtus samarangensis Blume  Jambosa javanica (Lam.) K.Schum. & Lauterb.  Eugenia samarangensis (Blume) O.Berg  Syzygium samarangense var. parviflorum (Craib) Chantaran. & J.Parn.  Eugenia javanica var. roxburghiana Duthie  Eugenia javanica var. parviflora Craib
科属Family & Genus):桃金娘科(Myrtaceae)蒲桃属
形态特征(Description):乔木,高12米;嫩枝压扁。叶片薄革质,椭圆形至长圆形,长10-22厘米,宽5-8厘米,先端钝或稍尖,基部变狭,圆形或微心形,上面干后变黄褐色,下面多细小腺点,侧脉14-19对,以45度开角斜行向上,离边缘5毫米处互相结合成明显边脉,另在靠近边缘1.5毫米处有1条附加边脉,侧脉间相隔6-10毫米,有明显网脉;叶柄极短,长术过4毫米,有时近于无柄。聚伞花序顶生或腋生,长5-6厘米,有花数朵;花白色,花梗长约5毫米;萼管倒圆锥形,长7-8毫米,宽6-7毫米,萼齿4,半圆形,长4毫米,宽加倍;雄蕊极多,长约1.5厘米;花柱长2.5-3厘米。果实梨形或圆锥形,肉质,洋红色,发亮,长4-5厘米,顶部凹陷,有宿存的肉质萼片;种子1颗。花期3-4月,果实5-6月成熟。
分布(Distribution):产马来半岛及安达曼群岛,热带地区广为栽培。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 13 Page 337, 339, 340, 342, 345
Syzygium samarangense (Blume) Merrill & L. M. Perry, J. Arnold Arbor. 19: 115. 1938.
洋蒲桃 yang pu tao | Myrtaceae  | Syzygium
Myrtus samarangensis Blume, Bijdr. 1084. 1826-1827; Eugenia javanica Lamarck; Jambosa samarangensis (Blume) Candolle.
Trees, to 12 m tall. Branchlets compressed. Petiole less than 4 mm to sometimes nearly absent; leaf blade elliptic to oblong, 10-22 × 5-8 cm, thinly leathery, abaxially with numerous small glands, adaxially turning yellowish brown when dry, secondary veins 14-19 on each side of midvein, 6-10 mm apart, and at an angle of ca. 45° from midvein, reticule veins conspicuous, intramarginal veins ca. 5 mm from margin and an additional intramarginal vein ca. 1.5 mm from margin, base narrow, rounded, or slightly cordate, apex obtuse to slightly acute. Inflorescences terminal or axillary, cymes, 5-6 cm, several-flowered. Flowers white. Hypanthium obconic, 7-8 × 6-7 mm. Calyx lobes 4, semiorbicular, ca. 4 × 4 mm or larger. Petals 4, distinct, 1-1.3 cm. Stamens numerous, ca. 1.5 cm. Style 2.5-3 cm. Fruit dark red, pyriform to conic, 4-5 cm, fleshy, glossy, apex impressed; persistent sepals fleshy. Seed 1. Fl. Mar-Apr, fr. May-Jun.
Cultivated in Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, and Yunnan [native to Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, and Thailand].






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