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蒲桃 Syzygium jambos

时间:2013-10-23 11:48来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):蒲桃 学名( Scientific Name ): Syzygium jambos (L.) Alston 英文名( English Common Name ): Malabar plum 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 蒲桃树、水葡桃 异名( Synonym ): Jambosa vulgaris DC. Eugenia jambos L.
中文名(Chinese Name):蒲桃
学名(Scientific Name):Syzygium jambos (L.) Alston
英文名(English Common Name):Malabar plum
别名(Chinese Common Name):蒲桃树、水葡桃
异名(Synonym):Jambosa vulgaris DC.  Eugenia jambos L.  Eugenia jambos var. sylvatica Gagnep.  Myrtus jambos (L.) Kunth  Syzygium monanthum (Merr.) Merr. & L.M.Perry  Plinia jambos (L.) M.Gómez  Jambosa jambos (L.) Millsp.  Jambosa palembanica Blume  Eugenia jamboides Wender.  Eugenia jambosa Crantz  Eugenia monantha Merr.  Eugenia vulgaris Baill.  Jambosa malaccensis f. cericarpa O.Deg.  Eugenia malaccensis f. cericarpa (O.Deg.) H.St.John  Syzygium jambos var. sylvaticum (Gagnep.) Merr. & L.M.Perry  Jambos jambos (L.) Millsp. 
科属Family & Genus):桃金娘科(Myrtaceae)蒲桃属
形态特征(Description):乔木,高10米,主干极短,广分枝;小枝圆形。叶片革质,披针形或长圆形,长12-25厘米,宽3-4.5厘米,先端长渐尖,基部阔楔形,叶面多透明细小腺点,侧脉12-16对,以45度开角斜向上,靠近边缘2毫米处相结合成边脉,侧脉间相隔7-10毫米,在下面明显突起,网脉明显;叶柄长6-8毫米。聚伞花序顶生,有花数朵,总梗长1-1.5厘米;花梗长1-2厘米,花白色,直径3-4厘米;萼管倒圆锥形,长8-10毫米,萼齿4,半圆形,长6毫米,宽8-9毫米;花瓣分离,阔卵形,长约14毫米;雄蕊长2-2.8厘米,花药长1.5毫米;花柱与雄蕊等长。果实球形,果皮肉质,直径3-5厘米,成熟时黄色,有油腺点;种子1-2颗,多胚。花期3-4月,果实5-6月成熟。
分布(Distribution):产台湾、福建、广东、广西、贵州、云南等省区,喜生河边及河谷湿地。中南半岛、马来西亚、印度尼西亚等地也有。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 13 Page 337, 338, 340, 342, 344
Syzygium jambos (Linnaeus) Alston, Handb. Fl. Ceylon. 6: 115. 1931.
蒲桃 pu tao| Myrtaceae  | Syzygium
Trees, to 10 m tall. Stems very short, broadly branched. Branchlets terete or subterete, sometimes apically much compressed, sometimes shallowly grooved. Petiole 5-10 mm; leaf blade lanceolate, ovate-lanceolate, oblong, or linear, 8-26 × 2-4.5 cm, leathery or stiffly papery, both surfaces with numerous small pellucid glands, secondary veins 8-25 on each side of midvein, 0.7-1.5 cm apart, and abaxially obviously raised, reticulate veins conspicuous, intramarginal veins 2-3(-4) mm from margin, base narrow to broadly cuneate, apex acuminate to long acuminate. Inflorescences usually terminal cymes with several flowers, sometimes axillary and solitary; peduncle 1-3.5 cm. Flowers white or pink, 3-4 cm in diam. Hypanthium obconic, 0.8-1.5 cm. Calyx lobes 4, semiorbicular or triangular-ovate, 5-8 × 6-9 mm. Petals distinct, broadly ovate, 1.4-1.5 cm. Stamens 1.5-2.8 cm; anthers ca. 1.5 mm. Style 2-3.5 cm. Fruit pale yellow or red when ripe, globose or ellipsoid, 2.5-5 cm in diam., with oil glands, 1- or 2-seeded, pericarp fleshy. Embryos numerous. Fl. Mar-Apr, fr. May-Jun or Nov-Dec.
Mixed forests, mountain slopes, riversides, river valleys; below 100 to 1500 m. Cultivated and sometimes escaped in Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Sichuan, Taiwan (var. tripinnatum believed to be native), and Yunnan (var. linearilimbum believed to be native) [Philippines; origin of var. jambos uncertain but possibly W Malesia and SE Asia].
 






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