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黄秋葵Abelmoschus esculentus

时间:2013-10-16 18:45来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):黄秋葵 学名( Scientific Name ): Abelmoschus esculentus (Linn.) Moench 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 咖啡黄葵、糊麻 异名( Synonym ): Hibiscus esculentus L. Abelmoschus bamm
中文名(Chinese Name):黄秋葵
学名(Scientific Name):Abelmoschus esculentus (Linn.) Moench
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):咖啡黄葵、糊麻
异名(Synonym):Hibiscus esculentus L.  Abelmoschus bammia Webb  Abelmoschus longifolius (Willd.) Kostel.  Abelmoschus officinalis (DC.) Endl.  Abelmoschus praecox Sickenb.  Abelmoschus tuberculatus var. deltoidefolius T.K.Paul & M.P.Nayar  Abelmoschus tuberculatus Pal & Singh  Hibiscus ficifolius Mill.  Hibiscus praecox Forssk.
科属(Family & Genus):锦葵科(Malvaceae)秋葵属
形态特征(Description):一年生草本,高1-2米;茎圆柱形,疏生散刺。叶掌状3-7裂,直径10-30厘米,裂片阔至狭,边缘具粗齿及凹缺,两面均被疏硬毛;叶柄长7-15厘米,被长硬毛;托叶线形,长7-10毫米,被疏硬毛。花单生于叶腋间,花梗长1-2厘米,疏被糙硬毛;小苞片8-10,线形,长约1.5厘米,疏被硬毛;花萼钟形,较长于小苞片,密被星状短绒毛;花黄色,内面基部紫色,直径5-7厘米,花瓣倒卵形,长4-5厘米。蒴果筒状尖塔形,长10-25厘米,直径1-5-2厘米,顶端具长喙,疏被糙硬毛;种子球形,多数,直径4-5毫米,具毛脉纹。花期5-9月。
分布(Distribution):原产印度,我国有栽培,已广泛栽培于热带和亚热带地区。
用途(Use):种子含油达15-20%,油内含少量的棉酚,有小毒,但经高温处理后可供食用或供工业用。嫩果可作蔬食用。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 12 Page 284, 285
Abelmoschus esculentus (Linnaeus) Moench, Methodus. 1: 617. 1794.
咖啡黄葵 ka fei huang kui | Malvaceae  | Abelmoschus
Hibiscus esculentus Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 696. 1753; H. longifolius Willdenow.
Herbs annual, 1-2 m tall, most parts with very sparse prickly hairs. Stem often hollow. Stipule filiform, 7-10 mm, sparsely hirsute; petiole 7-15(-35) cm, long hirsute, often with pubescent adaxial groove; leaf blade palmately 3-7-lobed, (5-)10-30 cm in diam., lobes broad to narrow, sparsely hirsute on both surfaces, margin sparsely dentate and emarginate. Flowers solitary, axillary. Pedicel (0.5-)1-2(-5) cm, sparsely strigose. Epicalyx lobes 7-10(-12), filiform, 5-18 × 1-2.5 mm, sparsely hirsute. Calyx campanulate, 2-3 cm, densely stellate puberulent. Corolla yellow or white with dark purple center, 5-7 cm in diam.; petals obovate, 3.5-5 × 3-4 cm. Filament tube 2-2.5 cm. Capsule cylindric to tower-shaped, 10-25 × 1.5-2(-3) cm, long beaked, sparsely strigose. Seeds dark brown or gray, globose to reniform, 5-15 per locule, (3-)4-5(-6) mm, striate, minutely warty. Fl. May-Sep.
Cultivated. Guangdong, Hainan, Hebei, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Shandong, Yunnan, Zhejiang [native to India].
The young fruits are an important vegetable (okra) in S Asia.




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