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赤豆Vigna angularis

时间:2018-08-12 19:44来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):赤豆 学名( Scientific Name ): Vigna angularis (Willd.) Ohwi et Ohashi 英文名( English Common Name ): adzuki bean 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 红豆,赤小豆红,小豆,红小豆 异名( Synonym ): Azukia angula
中文名(Chinese Name):赤豆
学名(Scientific Name): Vigna angularis (Willd.) Ohwi et Ohashi
英文名(English Common Name):adzuki bean
别名(Chinese Common Name):红豆,赤小豆红,小豆,红小豆
异名(Synonym):Azukia angularis (Willd.) Ohwi  Dolichos angularis Willd.  Phaseolus angularis (Willd.) W. Wight  Phaseolus chrysanthos Savi  Phaseolus mas Roxb.
科属(Family & Genus):豆科(Leguminosae)豇豆属
形态特征(Description):一年生、直立或缠绕草本。高30-90厘米,植株被疏长毛。羽状复叶具3小叶;托叶盾状着生,箭头形,长0.9-1.7厘米;小叶卵形至菱状卵形,长5-10厘米,宽5-8厘米,先端宽三角形或近圆形,侧生的偏斜,全缘或浅三裂,两面均稍被疏长毛。花黄色,约5或6朵生于短的总花梗顶端;花梗极短;小苞片披针形,长6-8毫米;花萼钟状,长3-4毫米;花冠长约9毫米,旗瓣扁圆形或近肾形,常稍歪斜,顶端凹,翼瓣比龙骨瓣宽,具短瓣柄及耳,龙骨瓣顶端弯曲近半圈,其中一片的中下部有一角状凸起,基部有瓣柄;子房线形,花柱弯曲,近先端有毛。荚果圆柱状,长5-8厘米,宽5-6毫米,平展或下弯,无毛;种子通常暗红色或其他颜色,长圆形,长5-6毫米,宽4-5毫米,两头截平或近浑圆,种脐不凹陷。花期夏季,果期9-10月。
分布(Distribution):我国南北均有栽培。美洲及非洲的刚果、乌干达亦有引种。
用途(Use):种子供食用,煮粥、制豆沙均可。
引自植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 10 Page 256, 259
Vigna angularis (Willdenow) Ohwi & H. Ohashi, J. Jap. Bot. 44: 29. 1969.
赤豆 chi dou | Fabaceae  | Vigna
Dolichos angularis Willdenow, Sp. Pl. 3: 1051. 1800; Azukia angularis (Willdenow) Ohwi; Phaseolus angularis (Willdenow) W. Wight; P. nipponensis Ohwi; Vigna angularis var. nipponensis (Ohwi) Ohwi & H. Ohashi.
Annual herbs, erect or twining, 30-90 cm tall. Stems angular, sparsely pilose. Stipules peltate, lanceolate, ca. 8 mm, point of attachment elongated; leaflets ovate or rhomboid-ovate, 5-10 × 5-8 cm, sparsely pilose on both surfaces, apex broadly triangular or subrounded, lateral leaflets oblique, entire or shal­lowly 3-lobed. Racemes axillary, 5- or 6-flowered, pedunculate. Calyx campanulate, 3-4 mm. Corolla yellow, ca. 15 mm; stan­dard oblate or subreniform, apex emarginate; wings broader than keel, shortly clawed and auriculate; keel apex incurved for nearly a half circle, base clawed. Ovary linear; style curved. Legumes terete, 5-8 × 0.5-0.6 cm, glabrous or almost so. Seeds dull red or with various other colors, oblong, 5-6 × 4-5 mm, truncate or subrounded at both ends; hilum not impressed. Fl. Jun-Jul, fr. Sep-Oct.
Widely cultivated and also wild in China [native to Asia; intro­duced in America, Africa, and elsewhere].
This species is edible and is used medicinally.




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