织梦CMS - 轻松建站从此开始!

花卉图片网

当前位置: 主页 > 果蔬农作物 >

豌豆Pisum sativum

时间:2018-08-12 19:46来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):豌豆 学名( Scientific Name ): Pisum sativum Linn. 英文名( English Common Name ): garden pea 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 荷兰豆 异名( Synonym ): Lathyrus oleraceus Lam. 科属( Family Genus ): 豆科(L
中文名(Chinese Name):豌豆
学名(Scientific Name): Pisum sativum Linn.
英文名(English Common Name):garden pea
别名(Chinese Common Name):荷兰豆
异名(Synonym):Lathyrus oleraceus Lam.
科属(Family & Genus):豆科(Leguminosae)豌豆属
形态特征(Description):一年生攀援草本,高0.5-2米。全株绿色,光滑无毛,被粉霜。叶具小叶4-6片,托叶比小叶大,叶状,心形,下缘具细牙齿。小叶卵圆形,长2-5厘米,宽1-2.5厘米;花于叶腋单生或数朵排列为总状花序;花萼钟状,深5裂,裂片披针形;花冠颜色多样,随品种而异,但多为白色和紫色,雄蕊 (9+1) 两体。子房无毛,花柱扁,内面有髯毛。荚果肿胀,长椭圆形,长2.5-10厘米,宽0.7-14厘米,顶端斜急尖,背部近于伸直,内侧有坚硬纸质的内皮;种子2-10颗,圆形,青绿色,有皱纹或无,干后变为黄色。花期6-7月,果期7-9月。
分布(Distribution):
用途(Use):种子及嫩荚、嫩苗均可食用;种子含淀粉、油脂,可作药用,有强壮、利尿、*止泻之效;茎叶能清凉解暑,并作绿肥、饲料或燃料。
引自植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 10 Page 577
Pisum sativum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 727. 1753.
豌豆 wan dou | Fabaceae  | Pisum
Pisum arvense Linnaeus; P. sativum subsp. arvense (Lin­naeus) Ascherson & Graebner; P. sativum var. arvense (Lin­naeus) Poiret.
Herbs annual, 0.5-2 m tall, glabrous. Stem climbing. Leaves: stipules to 10 × 6 cm, margin toothed; leaflets ovate, 2-7 × 1-4 cm. Raceme 1-3-flowered. Corolla variable in color, usually white and/or purple, 15-35 mm. Ovary glabrous; style flat. Legume 2.5-12 × 1-2.5 cm. Seeds 2-10. Fl. Feb-Sep, fr. Feb-Sep. 2n = 14.
Cultivated, sometimes persisting as a relic or escape from cultiva­tion; sea level to 3800 m. Throughout China [cultivated in temperate regions worldwide; of cultivated origin].
The seeds (peas) are edible, as are the young legumes of some cul­tivars (snow pea, mange-tout).
 






(责任编辑:徐晔春)
织梦二维码生成器
顶一下
(2)
100%
踩一下
(0)
0%
------分隔线----------------------------
发表评论
请自觉遵守互联网相关的政策法规,严禁发布色情、暴力、反动的言论。
评价:
表情:
用户名: 验证码:点击我更换图片