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毛花连蕊茶Camellia fraterna

时间:2013-11-25 17:04来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):毛花连蕊茶 学名( Scientific Name ): Camellia fraterna Hance 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 毛柄连蕊茶、连蕊茶 异名( Synonym ): Thea fraterna (Hance) Kuntze Thea rosaeflora
中文名(Chinese Name):毛花连蕊茶
学名(Scientific Name):Camellia fraterna Hance
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):毛柄连蕊茶、连蕊茶
异名(Synonym):Thea fraterna (Hance) Kuntze  Thea rosaeflora var. pilosa Kochs  Theopsis fraterna (Hance) Nakai 
科属(Family & Genus):山茶科Theaceae山茶属Camellia
形态特征(Description):灌木或小乔木,高1-5米,嫩枝密生柔毛或长丝毛。叶革质,椭圆形,长4-8厘米,宽1.5-3.5厘米,先端渐尖而有钝尖头,基部阔楔形,上面干后深绿色,发亮,下面初时有长毛,以后变秃,仅在中脉上有毛,侧脉5-6对,在上下两面均不明显,边缘有相隔1.5-2.5毫米的钝锯齿,叶柄长3-5毫米,有柔毛。花常单生于枝顶,花柄长3-4毫米,有苞片4-5片;苞片阔卵形,长1-2.5毫米,被毛;萼杯状,长4-5毫米,萼片5片,卵形,有褐色长丝毛;花冠白色,长2-2.5厘米,基部与雄蕊连生达5毫米,花瓣5-6片,外侧2片革质,有丝毛,内侧3-4片阔倒卵形,先端稍凹入,背面有柔毛或稍秃净;雄蕊长1.5-2厘米,无毛,花丝管长为雄蕊的2/3;子房无毛,花柱长1.4-1.8厘米,先端3浅裂,裂片长仅1-2毫米。蒴果圆球形,直径1.5厘米,1室,种子1个,果壳薄革质。花期4-5月。
分布(Distribution):产浙江、江西、江苏、安徽、福建。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 12 Page 381, 387
Camellia fraterna Hance, Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 4. 18: 218. 1862.
毛花连蕊茶 mao hua lian rui cha  | Theaceae  | Camellia
Thea fraterna (Hance) Kuntze; Theopsis fraterna (Hance) Nakai.
Shrubs 1-4 m tall. Young branches purplish brown, glabrous; year-old branchlets with indumentum ± persistent; current year branchlets densely spreading villous and hirsute. Petiole 3-5 mm, villous; leaf blade elliptic to oblong-elliptic, 4-8 × (1.5-)2-3.5 cm, thinly leathery, abaxially pale green and sparsely appressed villous, adaxially dark green, shiny, and hirtellous along midvein, midvein abaxially raised and adaxially impressed, secondary veins 7-9 on each side of midvein, abaxially slightly raised, and adaxially slightly impressed, base cuneate to broadly cuneate, margin serrulate, apex bluntly acuminate. Flowers axillary, solitary or paired, 2.5-4 cm in diam. Pedicel 3-4 mm, thick, villous; bracteoles 4 or 5, covering pedicel, ovate, 1-2 mm, outside densely yellowish brown villous. Calyx cupular, 4-5 mm; lobes 5, broadly ovate to suborbicular, 2-3.5 mm, outside densely yellowish brown villous, inside yellow sericeous. Petals 5 or 6, white or sometimes pale pink, obovate to broadly obovate, 2-2.5 cm, basally connate for 3-5 mm, outside glabrous or puberulent toward apex. Stamens 1.5-2 cm, glabrous; outer filament whorl basally connate for 0.8-1.2 cm. Ovary ovoid, 1-2 mm, glabrous, 3-loculed; style 1.4-1.8 cm, apically 3-parted for 1-2 mm. Capsule globose, 1.5-2 cm in diam., 1-loculed with l seed; pericarp thinly leathery. Seed chestnut brown, globose, 1.3-1.8 cm in diam. Fl. Feb-Mar, fr. Sep-Oct. 2n = 90*.
● Forests, thickets; (below 100-)300-1100 m. Anhui, Fujian, Henan, S Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Zhejiang.


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