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蔓茎蝇子草Silene repens

时间:2013-11-11 15:32来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 蔓茎蝇子草 学名( Scientific Name ): Silene repens Patr. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 蔓麦瓶草,匍生蝇子草 异名( Synonym ): Silene repens var. sinensis (Williams) C. L. T
中文名(Chinese Name):蔓茎蝇子草
学名(Scientific Name):Silene repens Patr.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):蔓麦瓶草,匍生蝇子草
异名(Synonym):Silene repens var. sinensis (Williams) C. L. Tang  Silene repens var. xilingensis Y. Z. Zhao  Silene repens var. latifolia Turcz.  Silene repens var. typica Regel  Silene repens var. vulgaris Turcz.  Silene repens f. sinensis F. N. Williams  Silene repens var. angustifolia Turcz. ex Regel  Silene pachyrrhiza Franch.  Cucubalus congestus Willd. ex Cham. & Schltdl.  Silene scouleri var. costata F.N. Williams  Silene purpurata Greene  Silene repens subsp. australis C.L. Hitchc. & Maguire  Silene repens subsp. purpurata (Greene) C.L. Hitchc. & Maguire  Silene repens var. australis (C.L. Hitchc. & Maguire) C.L. Hitchc.  Silene repens var. costata (F.N. Williams) B. Boivin  Silene repens var. glandulosa Y.W. Cui & L.H. Zhou
科属Family & Genus):石竹科Caryophyllaceae蝇子草属Silene
形态特征Description):多年生草本,高15-50厘米,全株被短柔毛。根状茎细长,分叉。茎疏丛生或单生,不, 分枝或有时分枝。叶片线状披针形、披针形、倒披针形或长圆状披针形,长2-7厘米,宽 3-10 (-12) 毫米,基部楔形,顶端渐尖,两面被柔毛,边缘基部具缘毛,中脉明显。总状圆锥花序,小聚伞花序常具1-3花;花梗长3-8毫米;苞片披针形,草质;花萼筒状棒形,11-15毫米,直径3-4.5毫米,常带紫色,被柔毛,萼齿宽卵形,顶端钝,边缘膜质,具缘毛;雌雄蕊柄被短柔毛,长4-8毫米;花瓣白色,稀黄白色,爪倒披针形,不露出花萼,无耳,瓣片平展,轮廓倒卵形,浅2裂或深达其中部;副花冠片长圆状,顶端钝,有时具裂片;雄蕊微外露,花丝无毛;花柱微外露。蒴果卵形,长6-8毫米,比宿存萼短;种子肾形,长约1毫米,黑褐色。花期6-8月,果期7-9月。
分布(Distribution):产东北、华北和西北,以及四川和西藏。生于海拔1 500-3 500米的林下、湿润草地、溪岸或石质草坡。朝鲜、日本、蒙古和俄罗斯(西伯利亚)也有。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 6 Page 74
Silene repens Patrin, Syn. Pl. 1: 500. 1805.
蔓茎蝇子草 wan jing ying zi cao| Caryophyllaceae  | Silene
Silene pachyrrhiza Franchet; S. repens var. angustifolia Turczaninow ex Regel f.sinensis F. N. Williams; S. repens var. latifolia Turczaninow; S. repens var. sinensis (F. N. Williams) C. L. Tang; S. repens var. vulgaris Turczaninow; S. repens var. xilingensis Y. Z. Zhao.
Herbs perennial, 15--50 cm tall, shortly pubescent or glabrous throughout. Rhizome slender, branched. Stems solitary or sparsely caespitose, ascending, basally usually lignified, simple or sometimes branched. Leaves with short, sterile axillary branches, linear-lanceolate, lanceolate, oblanceolate, or orbicular-lanceolate, (1.5--)2--7 cm × (1--)3--10(--12) mm, sparsely pubescent, ciliate at margin, midvein prominent, base cuneate. Flowers in a racemiform thyrse; cymules usually 3--7-flowered, usually opposite, distal cymules often capitate. Pedicel 1--8 mm; bracts lanceolate. Calyx often violet-tinged, tubular to clavate, 1--1.5 cm × 3--4.5 mm, pubescent. Androgynophore 4--6(--8) mm, shortly pubescent. Petal claws oblanceolate, without auricles; limbs not exserted beyond calyx, white, rarely yellowish white, obovate, usually 5--7 mm, bifid to middle or less. Stamens and styles slightly exserted; filaments glabrous. Styles 3. Capsule ovoid, 6--8 mm, shorter than calyx. Seeds black-brown, reniform, ca. 1 mm. Fl. Jun--Aug, fr. Jul--Sep. 2n = 24, 48.
Forests, grasslands, stream edges, stony mountain grasslands, dry steppes, sand dunes, grasslands, mountain summit steppes; 1500--3500 m. NW Gansu, Hebei, Jilin, Nei Mongol, N Shaanxi, Sichuan, Xizang [Japan, Korea, Mongolia, Russia; NW North America].
This taxon is very variable and in urgent need of taxonomic revision on a global scale.
 




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