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蔓榕Ficus pedunculosa

TAG标签: 桑科 Moraceae Ficus 榕属
时间:2013-11-11 15:17来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 蔓榕 学名( Scientific Name ): Ficus pedunculosa Miq. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Ficus pedunculosa var. mearnsii (Merr.) Corner Ficus garanbiensis Haya
中文名(Chinese Name):蔓榕
学名(Scientific Name):Ficus pedunculosa Miq.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Ficus pedunculosa var. mearnsii (Merr.) Corner  Ficus garanbiensis Hayata  Ficus pedunculosa var. glabrifolia S. S. Chang  Ficus ataktophylla Miq.  Ficus luzonensis Merr.  Ficus mearnsii Merr.  Ficus confertifolia Merr.  Ficus imberbis var. basiacuta Sata  Ficus imberbis (Elmer) Sata  Ficus luzonensis var. imberbis Elmer  Ficus moseleyana King  Ficus pedunculosa var. confertifolia (Merr.) Corner  Ficus pedunculosa var. imberbis (Elmer) Corner  Ficus pedunculosa var. macropoda (Miq.) Corner  Ficus pedunculosa var. segaarensis (Engl.) Corner  Ficus segaarensis Engl.
科属Family & Genus):桑科Moraceae榕属Ficus
形态特征Description):常绿灌木,通常匍匐爬行于石灰岩上,茎淡红褐色;小枝薄被柔毛和糠秕状鳞毛。叶 革质,无毛或被硬毛,椭圆形或倒卵状椭圆形,长4-10厘米,宽3-6厘米,先端急尖, 基部楔形,表面无毛或具糙毛,基部侧生2脉延长,侧脉4-6对,在背面隆起;,叶柄长 1.5厘米,被鳞片;托叶宽披针形,膜质,长1-1.5厘米,早落。榕果单生或成对腋生, 近球形至倒卵圆形,直径1-2厘米,表面被微柔毛,基生苞片3,膜质,总花梗纤细,略 被柔毛,长2-3厘米;雄花具长梗,基部有2苞片,花被片2-4,雄蕊2-4枚,花丝 短,花药椭圆形,2室;瘿花具梗或近无梗,花被片3-5,子房斜卵圆形,表面光滑,有 短梗,花柱侧生,短而厚,柱头膨大或为截形;雌花无梗,花被片3-5,短,子房光滑, 花柱较瘿花花柱长,柱头浅漏斗形。花果期3-6月。
分布(Distribution):
用途(Use):产我国台湾。菲律宾、印度尼西亚、巴布亚新几内亚也有。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 5 Page 53
Ficus pedunculosa Miquel, London J. Bot. 7: 442. 1848.
蔓榕 wan rong | Moraceae  | Ficus
Ficus ataktophylla Miquel; F. garanbiensis Hayata; F. luzonensis Merrill; F. mearnsii Merrill; F. pedunculosa var. glabrifolia S. S. Chang; F. pedunculosa var. mearnsii (Merrill) Corner.
Shrubs, scandent, evergreen. Bark pale reddish brown. Branchlets sparsely pubescent and with pale scurfy hairs. Stipules caducous, broadly lanceolate, 1-1.5 cm, membranous, usually hairy. Petiole ca. 1.5 cm, with chaffy scale-like hairs; leaf blade elliptic, obovate-elliptic, or obovate, 4-10 × 3-6 cm, leathery, glabrous or strigose, base cuneate, margin entire, apex acute to ± acuminate; basal lateral veins 2(or 4), extending 1/4-1/2 length of leaf blade, secondary veins 4-6(-10) on each side of midvein, and abaxially prominent. Figs axillary on normal leafy shoots, solitary or paired, ± globose to obovoid or ellipsoid, 1-2 cm in diam., puberulent, inside with abundant bristles; peduncle (1-)2-3 cm, slender, sparsely pubescent; involucral bracts 1.5-2 mm, membranous. Male flowers: long-pedicellate; calyx lobes 2-4; stamens 2-4; filaments short; anthers ellipsoid. Gall flowers: sessile or pedicellate; calyx lobes 3-5; ovary oblique, smooth; style lateral, short and thick; stigma enlarged or truncate. Female flowers: sessile; calyx lobes 3-5, short; ovary smooth; style longer than on gall flowers; stigma ± funnelform. Fl. and fr. Mar-Jun.
Usually in limestone areas.Low elevations. S Taiwan [Indonesia, New Guinea, Philippines].
 


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