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大白花地榆Sanguisorba stipulata

时间:2013-11-07 13:53来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 大白花地榆 学名( Scientific Name ): Sanguisorba stipulata Raf. 英文名( English Common Name ): Canadian burnet 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Sanguisorba sitchensis C. A. Mey. Sanguisorb
中文名(Chinese Name):大白花地榆
学名(Scientific Name):Sanguisorba stipulata Raf.
英文名(English Common Name):Canadian burnet
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Sanguisorba sitchensis C. A. Mey.  Sanguisorba stipulata var. latifolia (Hook.) H. Hara  Sanguisorba latifolia (Hook.) Coville  Sanguisorba canadensis subsp. latifolia (Hook.) Calder  Sanguisorba canadensis var. latifolia Hook.  Sanguisorba canadensis var. sitchensis (C. A. Mey.) Koidz.  Poterium sitchense (C. A. Mey.) S. Watson 
科属(Family & Genus):蔷薇科(Rosaceae)地榆属
形态特征(Description):多年生草本。根粗壮,深长,疏散地长出若干细根。茎高35-80厘米,光滑。叶为羽状复叶,有小叶4-6对,叶柄有棱,无毛,小叶有柄,椭圆形或卵状椭圆形,基部心形至深心形,稀微心形,顶端圆形,边缘有粗大缺刻状急尖锯齿,上面暗绿色,下面绿色,无毛,茎生叶2-4,与基生叶相似,惟向上小叶对数逐渐减少;基生叶托叶膜质,黄褐色,无毛,茎生叶托叶草质,绿色,卵形,边缘有缺刻状锯齿。穗状花序直立,从基部向上逐渐开放,花序梗无毛;苞片狭带形,无毛或外被疏柔毛,与萼片近等长;萼片4,椭圆卵形,无毛;雄蕊4枚,花丝从中部开始扩大,比萼片长2-3倍。果被疏柔毛,萼片宿存。花果期7-9月。
分布(Distribution):产吉林、辽宁,生海拔1400-2300米山地、山谷、湿地、疏林下及林缘。俄罗斯、朝鲜、日本及北美均有分布。
用途(Use):根入药,有收敛、止血,消炎作用;含鞣质18-21%,用途同于地榆。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 9 Page 388     
Sanguisorba stipulata Rafinesque, Herb. Raf. 47. 1833.
大白花地榆 da bai hua di yu| Rosaceae  | Sanguisorba
Poterium sitchense (C. A. Meyer) S. Watson; Sanguisorba canadensis Torrey & A. Gray subsp. latifolia (Hooker) Calder; S. canadensis var. latifolia Hooker; S. canadensis var. sitchensis (C. A. Meyer) Koidzumi; S. latifolia (Hooker) Coville; S. sitchensis C. A. Meyer; S. stipulata var. latifolia (Hooker) H. Hara.
Herbs perennial, 35–80 cm tall. Rootstock robust, deep, long. Stems glabrous. Radical leaves: stipules yellow-brown, membranous, glabrous; petiole angular, glabrous; leaf blade with 4–6 pairs of leaflets; leaflets petiolulate, green on both surfaces, abaxially more deeply so, elliptic or ovate-elliptic, both surfaces glabrous, base cordate to deeply so, rarely slightly so, margin coarsely acutely incised serrate, apex rounded; cauline leaves 2–4; stipules green, ovate, herbaceous, margin incised serrate; leaf blade resembling that of radical leaves but leaflets fewer higher up stem. Inflorescence erect, spicate; peduncle glabrous; bracts narrowly fasciated, nearly equaling sepals, glabrous or abaxially pilose. Sepals 4, elliptic-ovate, glabrous. Stamens 4; filaments compressed-dilated from middle to apex, broadest at apex, 2–3 × as long as sepal, nearly as broad as anther. Fruiting hypanthium pilose; sepals persistent. Fl. and fr. Jul–Sep.
Thinned forests, forest margins, mountains, ravines, marshy places; 1400--2300 m. Jilin, Liaoning [Japan, Korea, Russia; North America].
This species is used medicinally.




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