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秀丽莓Rubus amabilis

时间:2013-11-07 13:45来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 秀丽莓 学名( Scientific Name ): Rubus amabilis Focke 英文名( English Common Name ): showy blackberry 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 美丽悬钩子 异名( Synonym ): 科属( Family Genus ): 蔷薇科(Rosaceae
中文名(Chinese Name):秀丽莓
学名(Scientific Name):Rubus amabilis Focke
英文名(English Common Name):showy blackberry
别名(Chinese Common Name):美丽悬钩子
异名(Synonym):
科属(Family & Genus):蔷薇科(Rosaceae)悬钩子属
形态特征(Description):灌木,高1-3米;枝紫褐色或暗褐色,无毛,具稀疏皮刺;花枝短,具柔毛和小皮刺。小叶7-11枚,卵形或卵状披针形,长1-5.5厘米,宽0.8-2.5厘米,通常位于叶轴上部的小叶片比下部的大,顶端急尖,顶生小叶顶端常渐尖,基部近圆形,顶生小叶基部有时近截形,上面无毛或疏生伏毛,下面沿叶脉具柔毛和小皮刺,边缘具缺刻状重锯齿,顶生小叶边缘有时浅裂或3裂;叶柄长1-3厘米,小叶柄长约1厘米,侧生小叶几无柄,和叶轴均于幼时具柔毛,逐渐脱落至老时无毛或近无毛,疏生小皮刺;托叶线状披针形,具柔毛。花单生于侧生小枝顶端,下垂;花梗长2.5-6厘米,具柔毛,疏生细小皮刺,有时具稀疏腺毛;花直径3-4厘米;花萼绿带红色,外面密被短柔毛,无刺或有时具稀疏短针刺或腺毛;萼片宽卵形,长1-1.5厘米,顶端渐尖或具突尖头,在花果时均开展;花瓣近圆形,白色,比萼片稍长或几等长,基部具短爪;花丝线形,基部稍宽,带白色;花柱浅绿色,无毛,子房具短柔毛。果实长圆形稀椭圆形,长1.5-2.5厘米,直径1-1.2厘米,红色,幼时具稀疏短柔毛,老时无毛,可食;核肾形,稍有网纹。花期4-5月,果期7-8月。
分布(Distribution):产陕西、甘肃、河南、山西、湖北、四川、青海,生海拔1000-3700米山麓、沟边或山谷丛林中。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 9 Page 219     
Rubus amabilis Focke, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 36(Beibl. 82): 53. 1905.
秀丽莓 xiu li mei| Rosaceae  | Rubus
Shrubs 1–3 m tall. Branches purplish brown or dark brown, glabrous, with sparse prickles; flower bearing branchlets short, soft hairy, with minute prickles. Leaves imparipinnate, 7–11-foliolate; petiole 1–3 cm, petiolule of terminal leaflet ca. 1 cm, lateral leaflets subsessile, petiolule and rachis pubescent when young, gradually glabrescent, glabrous or subglabrous, with sparse, small prickles; stipule linear-lanceolate, 5–8 mm, soft hairy; blade of leaflets ovate or ovate-lanceolate, 1–5.5 × 0.8–2.5 cm, usually apical ones larger than basal ones, abaxially soft hairy and with small prickles along veins, adaxially glabrous or sparsely appressed-hairy, base subrounded, sometimes subcuneate on terminal leaflet, margin incised-doubly serrate, occasionally 2- or 3-lobed on terminal leaflet, apex acute, often acuminate on terminal leaflet. Inflorescences 1-flowered, terminal on lateral branchlets, pendent. Pedicel 2.5–6 cm, with soft hairs and sparse, minute prickles, sometimes with intermixed sparse, stipitate glands. Flowers 3–4 cm in diam. Calyx green, tinged red, abaxially pubescent, unarmed, rarely with short needle-like prickles or stipitate glands; tube pelviform; sepals spreading, broadly ovate, 1–1.5 cm × 5–8 mm, apex acuminate or abruptly pointed. Petals white, suborbicular, 1–1.7 cm in diam., longer than or nearly as long as sepals, base shortly clawed and pubescent. Stamens numerous, slightly shorter than petals; filaments whitish, linear, broadened basally. Pistils shorter than stamens; ovary pubescent; styles greenish, glabrous. Aggregate fruit red, oblong; rarely ellipsoid, (0.8–)1.5–2.5 × 1–1.2 cm, sparsely pubescent when young, glabrescent; pyrenes reniform, somewhat reticulate. Fl. Apr–May, fr. Jul–Aug.
Foothills, montane valleys, ravines, slopes, forests, forest margins, thickets, roadsides; 1000--3700 m. Chongqing, Gansu, Henan, Hubei, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan.
The fruit are edible.
 


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