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银露梅Potentilla glabra

时间:2013-11-07 13:36来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 银露梅 学名( Scientific Name ): Potentilla glabra Lodd. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 银老梅 异名 ( Synonym ): Potentilla fruticosa var. dahurica Ser. Potentilla glabra v
中文名(Chinese Name):银露梅
学名(Scientific Name):Potentilla glabra Lodd.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):银老梅
异名Synonym):Potentilla fruticosa var. dahurica Ser.  Potentilla glabra var. rhodocalyx H. R. Fletcher  Potentilla fruticosa var. tangutica Th. Wolf  Potentilla fruticosa var. mongolica Maxim.
科属(Family & Genus):蔷薇科(Rosaceae)委陵菜属
形态特征(Description):灌木,高0.3-2米,稀达3米,树皮纵向剥落。小枝灰褐色或紫褐色,被稀疏柔毛。叶为羽状复叶,有小叶2对,稀3小叶,上面一对小叶基部下延与轴汇合,叶柄被疏柔毛;小叶片椭圆形、倒卵椭圆形或卵状椭圆形,长0.5-1.2厘米,宽0.4-0.8厘米,顶端圆钝或急尖,基部楔形或几圆形,边缘平坦或微向下反卷,全缘,两面绿色,被疏柔毛或几无毛;托叶薄膜质,外被疏柔毛或脱落几无毛。顶生单花或数朵,花梗细长,被疏柔毛;花直径1.5-2.5厘米;萼片卵形,急尖或短渐尖,副萼片披针形、倒卵披针形或卵形,比萼片短或近等长,外面被疏柔毛;花瓣白色,倒卵形,顶端圆钝;花柱近基生,棒状,基部较细,在柱头下缢缩,柱头扩大。瘦果表面被毛。花果期6-11月。
分布(Distribution):产内蒙古、河北、山西、陕西、甘肃、青海、安徽、湖北、四川、云南,生海拔1400-4200米山坡草地、河谷岩石缝中、灌丛及林中。朝鲜、俄罗斯、蒙古也有分布。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 9 Page 293     
Potentilla glabra Loddiges, Bot. Cab. 10: t. 914. 1824.
银露梅 yin lu mei| Rosaceae  | Potentilla
Shrubs 0.3–2(–3) m tall. Young branchlets sparsely pubescent, older ones covered with grayish brown, peeling bark. Stipules thinly membranous, sparsely pilose or subglabrous; petiole sparsely pilose; leaf blade pinnate with 2(or 3) pairs of leaflets; leaflets oblong, obovate-elliptic, or ovate-elliptic, 0.5–1.2 cm × 4–8 mm, both surfaces sparsely (rarely densely) pilose, sericeous, or glabrescent, base cuneate or rounded, decurrent and adnate to rachis in apical pair of leaflets, margin entire, flat or slightly revolute, apex obtuse or acute. Flowers 1 to several, terminal on separate branches, 1.5–2.5 cm in diam.; pedicel long, thin, sparsely pilose. Sepals ovate, apex acute or shortly mucronate; epicalyx segments lanceolate, obovate-lanceolate, or ovate, shorter than or nearly equaling sepals, abaxially sparsely pilose. Petals white, obovate, apex rounded. Style sub-basal, clavate, thin at base, constricted at base of dilated stigma. Achenes hairy. Fl. and fr. May–Nov.
Forests, forest margins, thickets, meadows, slopes, alpine talus slopes, ravines, open places, rocky places; 1200--4200 m. Anhui, Gansu, Hebei, Hubei, Nei Mongol, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan [Korea, Mongolia, Russia].
 




 
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