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莓叶委陵菜 Potentilla fragarioides

时间:2013-11-07 13:34来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 莓叶委陵菜 学名( Scientific Name ): Potentilla fragarioides Linn. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 毛猴子 异名 ( Synonym ): Potentilla fragarioides var. sprengeliana (Lehm.)
中文名(Chinese Name):莓叶委陵菜
学名(Scientific Name):Potentilla fragarioides Linn.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):毛猴子
异名Synonym):Potentilla fragarioides var. sprengeliana (Lehm.) Maxim.  Potentilla sprengeliana Lehm.  Potentilla fragarioides var. major Maxim.  Potentilla fragarioides var. typica Maxim.  Potentilla palczcwskii Juzep.
科属(Family & Genus):蔷薇科(Rosaceae)委陵菜属
形态特征(Description):多年生草本。根极多,簇生。花茎多数,丛生,上升或铺散,长8-25厘米,被开展长柔毛。基生叶羽状复叶,有小叶2-3对,间隔0.8-1.5厘米,稀4对,连叶柄长5-22厘米,叶柄被开展疏柔毛,小叶有短柄或几无柄;小叶片倒卵形、椭圆形或长椭圆形,长0.5-7 厘米,宽0.4-3厘米,顶端圆钝或急尖,基部楔形或宽楔形,边缘有多数急尖或圆钝锯齿,近基部全缘,两面绿色,被平铺疏柔毛,下面沿脉较密,锯齿边缘有时密被缘毛;茎生叶,常有3小叶,小叶与基生叶小叶相似或长圆形顶端有锯齿而下半部全缘,叶柄短或几无柄;基生叶托叶膜质,褐色,外面有稀疏开展长柔毛,茎生叶托叶草质,绿色,卵形,全缘,顶端急尖,外被平铺疏柔毛。伞房状聚伞花序顶生,多花,松散,花梗纤细,长1.5-2厘米,外被疏柔毛;花直径1-1.7厘米;萼片三角卵形,顶端急尖至渐尖,副萼片长圆披针形,顶端急尖,与萼片近等长或稍短;花瓣黄色,倒卵形,顶端圆钝或微凹;花柱近顶生,上部大,基部小。成熟瘦果近肾形,直径约1毫米,表面有脉纹。花期4-6月,果期6-8月。
分布(Distribution):产我国大部分省区,生海拔350-2400米地边、沟边、草地、灌丛及疏林下。日本、朝鲜、蒙古、俄罗斯等地均有分布。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 9 Page 326     
Potentilla fragarioides Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 496. 1753.
莓叶委陵菜 mei ye wei ling cai| Rosaceae  | Potentilla
Potentilla fragarioides var. major Maximowicz; P. fragarioides var. sprengeliana (Lehmann) Maximowicz; P. sprengeliana Lehmann.
Herbs perennial. Roots numerous. Flowering stems tufted, ascending or spreading, 8–25 cm, together with petioles spreading villous. Radical leaves 5–22 cm including petiole; stipules brown, membranous, abaxially sparsely spreading villous; leaf blade pinnate with 2 or 3(or 4) pairs of leaflets; leaflets at intervals of 0.8–1.5 cm, shortly petiolulate or subsessile, green on both surfaces, obovate, elliptic, or oblong-elliptic, 0.5–7 × 0.4–3 cm, both surfaces appressed pilose, abaxially more densely so on veins, sometimes densely ciliate on teeth, base cuneate or broadly so, margin obtusely or acutely many serrate but entire near base, apex obtuse or acute; cauline leaves: stipules green, ovate, herbaceous, abaxially spreading pilose, margin entire, apex acute; petiole very short or almost absent; leaf blade usually 3-foliolate; leaflets resembling those of radical leaves, or oblong, margin entire proximally, and apex serrate. Inflorescence terminal, laxly corymbose-cymose, many flowered. Flowers 1–1.7 cm in diam.; pedicel slender, 1.5–2 cm, pilose. Sepals triangular-ovate, apex acute to acuminate; epicalyx segments oblong-lanceolate, slightly shorter than sepals, apex acute. Petals yellow, obovate, apex rounded or emarginate. Style subterminal, thin at base, thickened distally. Mature achenes subreniform, ca. 1 mm in diam., rugose. Fl. Apr–Jun, fr. Jun–Aug.
Thinned forests, thickets, meadows, ditches, field banks; 300--2400 m. Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangxi, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Japan, Korea, Mongolia, Russia (Siberia)].
 




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