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蛇莓Duchesnea indica

时间:2013-11-07 12:56来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 蛇莓 学名( Scientific Name ): Duchesnea indica (Andrews) Focke 英文名( English Common Name ): Indian strawberry 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 蛇泡草、龙吐珠 异名( Synonym ): Duchesnea indica var. major
中文名(Chinese Name):蛇莓
学名(Scientific Name):Duchesnea indica (Andrews) Focke
英文名(English Common Name):Indian strawberry
别名(Chinese Common Name):蛇泡草、龙吐珠
异名(Synonym):Duchesnea indica var. major Makino  Fragaria indica Andrews  Potentilla indica (Andrews) Th. Wolf  Potentilla indica var. major Makino
科属(Family & Genus):蔷薇科(Rosaceae)蛇莓属
形态特征(Description):多年生草本;根茎短,粗壮;匍匐茎多数,长30-100厘米,有柔毛。小叶片倒卵形至菱状长圆形,长2-3.5(-5)厘米,宽1-3厘米,先端圆钝,边缘有钝锯齿,两面皆有柔毛,或上面无毛,具小叶柄;叶柄长1-5厘米,有柔毛;托叶窄卵形至宽披针形,长5-8毫米。花单生于叶腋;直径1.5-2.5厘米;花梗长3-6厘米,有柔毛;萼片卵形,长4-6毫米,先端锐尖,外面有散生柔毛;副萼片倒卵形,长5-8毫米,比萼片长,先端常具3-5锯齿;花瓣倒卵形,长5-10毫米,黄色,先端圆钝;雄蕊20-30;心皮多数,离生;花托在果期膨大,海绵质,鲜红色,有光泽,直径10-20毫米,外面有长柔毛。瘦果卵形,长约1.5毫米,光滑或具不显明突起,鲜时有光泽。花期6-8月,果期8-10月。
分布(Distribution):产辽宁以南各省区,生于海拔1800米以下山坡、河岸、草地、潮湿的地方。从阿富汗东达日本,南达印度、印度尼西亚,在欧洲及美洲均有。
用途(Use):全草药用,能散瘀消肿、收敛止血、清热解毒。茎叶捣敷治疗疮有特效,亦可敷蛇咬伤、烫伤、烧伤。果实煎服能治支气管炎。全草水浸液可防治农业害虫、杀蛆、孑孓等。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 9 Page 338     
Duchesnea indica (Andrews) Focke in Engler & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 3(3): 33. 1888.
蛇莓 she mei| Rosaceae  | Duchesnea
Herbs perennial. Rhizome robust, short. Stolons 30–100 cm, together with petioles and pedicels spreading hairy or densely villous. Stipules narrowly ovate to broadly lanceolate, 5–8 mm; petiole 1–5 cm; leaflets petiolulate, obovate to rhombic-oblong, 1–5 × 1–3 cm, both surfaces hairy, or adaxially glabrous or densely villous, margin obtusely serrate, apex rounded. Flowers 1–2.5 cm in diam.; pedicel 0.2–6 cm, pilose or densely villous. Sepals ovate, apex acute; epicalyx segments obovate, longer than sepals, apex usually 3–5-serrate. Petals rounded at apex. Stamens 20–30. Carpels numerous, free. Aggregate fruit ripening red, shining, 1–2 cm in diam., spongy. Achenes shining when fresh, ovoid, ca. 1.5 mm, glabrous or inconspicuously papillate. Fl. Jun–Aug, fr. Aug–Oct.
Mountain slopes, meadows, river banks, wet places, ravines, field margins; below 3100 m. Provinces S of Liaoning [Afghanistan, Bhutan, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Nepal, Sikkim; naturalized in Africa, Europe, and North America].
 




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