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皱果蛇莓Duchesnea chrysantha

时间:2018-07-01 09:36来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 皱果蛇莓 学名( Scientific Name ): Duchesnea chrysantha (Zoll. et Mor.) Miq. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Duchesnea formosana Odash. Duchesnea wallichian
中文名(Chinese Name):皱果蛇莓
学名(Scientific Name):Duchesnea chrysantha (Zoll. et Mor.) Miq.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Duchesnea formosana Odash.  Duchesnea wallichiana (Ser.) Nakai ex H. Hara  Fragaria chrysantha Zoll. et Moritzi  Fragaria indica var. wallichii Franch. et Sav.  Potentilla wallichiana Ser.  Potentilla indica var. wallichii (Franch. et Sav.) Th. Wolf  Duchesnea indica var. japonica Kitam.  Duchesnea indica f. japonica (Kitam.) M.Mizush.
科属Family & Genus):蔷薇科Rosaceae蛇莓属Duchesnea
形态特征Description):多年生草本,匍匐茎长30-50厘米,有柔毛。小叶片菱形、倒卵形或卵形,长1.5-2.5厘米,宽1-2厘米,先端圆钝,有时具凸尖,基部楔形,边缘有钝或锐锯齿,近基部全缘,上面近无毛,下面疏生长柔毛,中间小叶有时具2-3深裂,有短柄;叶柄长1.5-3厘米,有柔毛;托叶披针形,长2-3毫米,有柔毛。花直径5-15毫米;花梗长2-3厘米,疏生长柔毛;萼片卵形或卵状披针形,长3-5毫米,先端渐尖,外面有长柔毛,具缘毛;副萼片三 角状倒卵形,长3-7毫米,外面疏生长柔毛,先端有3-5锯齿;花瓣倒卵形,长2.5-5毫米,黄色,先端微凹或圆钝,无毛;花托在果期粉红色,无光泽,直径8-12毫米。瘦果卵形,长4-6毫米,红色,具多数显明皱纹,无光泽。花期5-7月,果期6-9月。
分布(Distribution):产陕西、四川、云南、广西、广东、福建、台湾。生在草地上。日本、朝鲜、印度、印度尼西亚也有分布。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 9 Page 339     
Duchesnea chrysantha (Zollinger & Moritzi) Miquel, Fl. Ned. Ind. 1: 372. 1855.
皱果蛇莓 zhou guo she mei | Rosaceae  | Duchesnea
Fragaria chrysantha Zollinger & Moritzi, Syst. Verz. 7. 1846; Duchesnea formosana Odashima; D. wallichiana (Seringe) Nakai ex H. Hara; F. indica Andrews var. wallichii Franchet & Savatier; Potentilla indica (Andrews) Th. Wolf var. wallichii (Franchet & Savatier) Th. Wolf; P. wallichiana Seringe.
Herbs perennial. Stolons 30–50 cm, together with stipules and petioles pilose. Stipules lanceolate, 2–3 mm; petiole 1.5–3 cm; leaflets petiolulate, rhombic, obovate, or ovate, 1.5–2.5 × 1–2 cm, abaxially sparsely villous, adaxially subglabrous, base cuneate, margin obtusely or acutely serrate, but entire near base, apex rounded, sometimes mucronate; lateral leaflets sometimes 2- or 3-fid. Flowers 0.5–1.5 cm in diam.; pedicel 2–3 cm. Sepals ovate or ovate-lanceolate, 3–5 mm, abaxially villous, margin ciliate, apex acuminate; epicalyx segments triangular-obovate, 3–7 mm, abaxially sparsely villous, apex 3–5-serrate. Petals 2.5–5 mm, glabrous, apex emarginate or rounded. Aggregate fruit ripening pale pink, not shining, 0.8–1.2 cm in diam. Achenes red, not shining when fresh, ovoid, 4–6 mm, rugose. Fl. May–Jul, fr. Jun–Sep. 2n = 14.
Meadows. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan [India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Malaysia].
This species is used medicinally.




 


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