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球花报春Primula denticulata

时间:2013-10-30 18:52来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):球花报春 学名( Scientific Name ): Primula denticulata Smith 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): 科属( Family Genus ): 报春花科Primulaceae报春花属Primula 形态
中文名(Chinese Name):球花报春
学名(Scientific Name):Primula denticulata Smith
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):
科属(Family & Genus):报春花科Primulaceae报春花属Primula
形态特征(Description):多年生草本,具粗短的根茎和多数纤维状长根。开花期叶丛基部有芽鳞;芽鳞阔卵形,长1. 5-4厘米,宽1-2厘米,多少带肉质,先端通常渐尖,无粉或被稀薄的粉质腺体。叶多枚形成密丛,叶片矩圆形至倒披针形,连柄长3-15厘米,宽1. 5-4厘米,果期一长可达20厘米或更长,先端圆形或钝,基部渐狭,边缘具小牙齿和缘毛,通常极窄外卷,上面被短柔毛或变无毛,下面沿叶脉被毛或近于无毛,老叶下面具粉质腺体或有时被白色或淡黄色粉;叶柄近于无或有时与叶片近等长,具宽翅。花葶高5-30厘米,果期高可达45厘米,无毛或被短柔毛,无粉或上部被粉;花序近头状,花直立;苞片多数,披针形,长5-10毫米,先端钝或稍渐尖,基部稍膨大并常被粉,边缘互相覆盖;花梗极短或有时长达5毫米;花萼狭钟状,长5-10毫米,被粉或粉质腺体,分裂达中部或更深,裂片窄长圆状披针形,常染紫色,先端钝或锐尖,边缘具短缘毛;花冠蓝紫色或紫红色,极少白色,冠筒口周围黄色,冠筒长8-12毫米,冠檐直径1-2厘米,裂片倒卵形,先端2深裂;长花柱花:雄蕊着生处距冠筒基部约3毫米,花柱长6-7毫米:短花柱花:雄蕊距冠筒基部约6毫米着生,花柱长1.5-2毫米。蒴果近球形,短于花萼。花期4-6月。
分布(Distribution):产于我国西藏(聂拉木、亚东、错那等地)。生于山坡草地、水边和林下,海拔2800- 4100米,自克什米尔地区沿喜马拉雅山分布至印度北部地区。
用途(Use):本亚种在欧美庭园已广为栽培,并有不少园艺品种。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 15 Page 178
Primula denticulata Smith, Exot. Bot. 2: 109. 1806.
球花报春 qiu hua bao chun| Primulaceae  | Primula
Herbs perennial, encircled at base with broadly ovate (1.5--4 X 1--2 cm), subfleshy bud scales. Leaves forming a rosette; petiole broadly winged, indistinct to nearly as long as leaf blade; leaf blade oblong to oblanceolate, 3--15 X 1.5--4 cm, enlarging to 20 cm or longer at fruiting, abaxially pubescent along veins or subglabrous, sometimes white or yellow farinose at fruiting, adaxially puberulous or glabrescent, base attenuate, margin denticulate, apex rounded to obtuse. Scapes 5--30 cm, elongating to 45 cm in fruit, glabrous or puberulous, efarinose or farinose in upper 1/2; umbels capitate, many flowered; bracts numerous, lanceolate, 5--10 mm, base overlapping and slightly gibbous. Pedicel 1--5 mm. Flowers heterostylous. Calyx narrowly campanulate, 5--10 mm, farinose or minutely glandular, parted to middle or below; lobes often tinged with purple, oblong-lanceolate, ciliolate. Corolla purple to pinkish purple, rarely white, with a yellow eye, exannulate; tube 0.8--1.2 cm; limb 1--2 cm wide; lobes obovate, deeply emarginate. Pin flowers: stamens ca. 3 mm above base of corolla tube; style 6--7 mm. Thrum flowers: stamens ca. 6 mm above corolla tube; style 1.5--2 mm. Capsule subglobose, shorter than calyx. 2n = 22, 32, 34, 44, 22 + 5f.
Moist meadows, grassy slopes, among shrubs, open forests; 1500--4100 m. S Xizang [Afghanistan, Bhutan, India, Kashmir, N Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Sikkim]
 




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