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穗花报春Primula deflexa

时间:2013-10-30 18:51来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):穗花报春 学名( Scientific Name ): Primula deflexa Duthie 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Primula conica Balf. f. et Forrest Primula muscarioides subsp. coni
中文名(Chinese Name):穗花报春
学名(Scientific Name):Primula deflexa Duthie
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Primula conica Balf. f. et Forrest  Primula muscarioides subsp. conica (Balf. f. et Forrest) W. W. Sm. et Forrest
科属(Family & Genus):报春花科(Primulaceae)报春花属
形态特征(Description):多年生草本。根状茎极短,具多数长根。叶片矩圆形至倒披针形,长5-15厘米,宽1.5-3厘米,先端圆形或钝,基部渐狭窄,边缘具不整齐的小牙齿或圆齿,具缘毛,两面遍布多细胞柔毛或在下面仅沿叶脉被毛,中肋稍宽扁,侧脉12-15对,在下面稍显著;叶柄长2-7厘米,具狭翅。花葶高30-60厘米,被柔毛或有时近于无毛;花序通常短穗状,多花,无粉或有时被黄粉;苞片舌状或披针形,长3-5毫米,边缘具小缘毛;花萼壶状,长4-5毫米,分裂略超过中部,裂片大小不等,卵圆形,外面常带紫褐色;花冠蓝色或玫瑰紫色,长12-15毫米,冠檐稍开张,直径6-9毫米,裂片近正方形或近圆形,长2-3毫米,先端具凹缺;长花柱花:雄蕊着生处距冠筒基部2-3毫米,花柱长达冠筒口;短花柱花:雄蕊近冠筒口着生,花柱长约2.5毫米。花期6-7月,果期7-8月。
分布(Distribution):产云南、西藏和四川,生长于海拔3300-4800米山坡草地和水沟边。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 15 Page 82
Primula deflexa Duthie, Gard. Chron., ser. 3. 39: 229. 1906.
穗花报春 sui hua bao chun | Primulaceae  | Primula
Primula conica I. B. Balfour & Forrest; P. muscarioides Hemsley subsp. conica (I. B. Balfour & Forrest) W. W. Smith & Forrest.
Herbs perennial. Leaves forming a rosette; petiole 2--7 cm, narrowly winged; leaf blade oblong to oblanceolate, 5--15 X 1.5--3 cm, base attenuate, margin irregularly denticulate or crenulate and ciliate, apex rounded to obtuse, with multicellular hairs. Scapes 30--60 cm, pilose or subglabrous; inflorescences compact spicate, usually efarinose, many flowered; bracts ligulate to lanceolate, 3--5 mm, ciliolate. Flowers reflexed, heterostylous. Calyx suburceolate, 4--5 mm, parted slightly below middle; lobes unequal, usually purplish, ovate. Corolla dark blue or rose-purple, tubular-infundibuliform, 1.2--1.5 cm; limb slightly spreading, 6--9 mm wide; lobes nearly quadrate or subrotund, 2--3 mm wide, emarginate. Pin flowers: stamens 2--3 mm above base of corolla tube; style ca. as long as tube. Thrum flowers with positions reciprocal. Capsule elliptic, slightly longer than calyx. Fl. Jun-Jul. 2n = 40@.
  • Wet pastures, woodland margins, moist areas in valleys; 3300--4800 m. W Sichuan, SE Xizang, NW Yunnan.




 
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