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黄花倒水莲Polygala fallax

时间:2018-07-01 21:04来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):黄花倒水莲 学名( Scientific Name ): Polygala fallax Hemsl. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 假黄花远志、黄花远志 异名( Synonym ): Polygala aureocauda Dunn Polygala forbesii C
中文名(Chinese Name):黄花倒水莲
学名(Scientific Name):Polygala fallax Hemsl.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):假黄花远志、黄花远志
异名(Synonym):Polygala aureocauda Dunn  Polygala forbesii Chodat
科属(Family & Genus):远志科(Polygalaceae)远志属
形态特征(Description):灌木或小乔木,高1-3米;根粗壮,多分枝,表皮淡黄色。枝灰绿色,密被长而平展的短柔毛。单叶互生,叶片膜质,披针形至椭圆状披针形,长8-17(-20)厘米,宽4-6.5厘米,先端渐尖,基部楔形至钝圆,全缘,叶面深绿色,背面淡绿色,两面均被短柔毛,主脉上面凹陷,背面隆起,侧脉8-9对,背面突起,于边缘网结,细脉网状,明显;叶柄长9-14毫米,上面具槽,被短柔毛。总状花序顶生或腋生,长10-15厘米,直立,花后延长达30厘米,下垂,被短柔毛;花梗基部具线状长圆形小苞片,早落;萼片5,早落,具缘毛,外面3枚小,不等大,上面1枚盔状,长6-7毫米,其余2枚卵形至椭圆形,长3毫米,里面2枚大,花瓣状,斜倒卵形,长1.5厘米,宽7-8毫米,先端圆形,基部渐狭;花瓣正黄色,3枚,侧生花瓣长圆形,长约10毫米,2/3以上与龙骨瓣合生,先端几截形,基部向上盔状延长,内侧无毛,龙骨瓣盔状,长约12毫米,鸡冠状附属物具柄,流苏状,长约3毫米;雄蕊8,长10-11毫米,花丝2/3以下连合成鞘,花药卵形;子房圆形,压扁,径3-4毫米,具缘毛,基部具环状花盘,花柱细,长8-9毫米,先端略呈2浅裂的喇叭形,柱头具短柄。蒴果阔倒心形至圆形,绿黄色,径10-14毫米,具半同心圆状凸起的棱,无翅及缘毛,顶端具喙状短尖头,具短柄。种子圆形,径约4毫米,棕黑色至黑色,密被白色短柔毛,种阜盔状,顶端突起。花期5-8月,果期8-10月。
分布(Distribution):产江西、福建、湖南、广东、广西和云南;生于海拔360-1650米山谷林下水旁荫湿处。
用途(Use):本种之根入药,有补气血、健脾利湿、活血调经的功能。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 11 Page 143, 145
Polygala fallax Hemsley, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 23: 59. 1886.
黄花倒水莲 huang hua dao shui lian   | Polygalaceae  | Polygala
Polygala aureocauda Dunn; P. fallax Hayek ex Zahlbruckner (1900), not Hemsley (1886), nor Chodat (1889); P. forbesii Chodat.
Shrubs or small trees, 1-3 m tall. Roots stout, multibranched, outside yellowish. Branchlets gray-green, densely explanate, pubescent. Petiole 9-14 mm, pubescent, sulcate adaxially; leaf blade green, lanceolate to elliptic-lanceolate, 8-17(-20) × 4-6.5 cm, membranous, both surfaces pubescent, midvein raised abaxially, impressed adaxially, lateral veins 8 or 9 pairs, raised abaxially, anastomosing near margin, reticulate veins distinct, base cuneate to obtuse, margin entire, apex acuminate. Racemes terminal or axillary, 10-15 cm, pubescent; bracteoles caducous, basal, linear-oblong. Sepals 5, ciliate, caducous after anthesis; outer sepals 3, small, unequal, upper one helmet-shaped, 6-7 mm, other 2 ovate to elliptic, ca. 3 mm; inner sepals 2, petaloid, obliquely obovate, large, ca. 1.5 × 0.7-0.8 cm, base attenuate, apex rounded. Petals 3, connate in lower 2/3, yellow; lateral petals oblong, ca. 1 cm, inside glabrous at base, apex nearly truncate; keel hooded, ca. 1.2 cm, apex with fimbriate appendages, with stalk ca. 3 mm. Stamens 8, 1-1.1 cm, lower 2/3 united forming an open staminal sheath; anthers ovoid. Disk annular. Ovary globose, compressed, 3-4 mm in diam., ciliate; style 8-9 mm, thin, apex tubiform, shallowly 2-lobed; stigma with short stalk. Capsule green-yellow, broadly obcordate to orbicular or obovoid, 1-1.4 cm in diam., not winged and eciliate; carpels with concentric circles costate. Seeds 2, brown-black, globose, ca. 4 mm in diam., densely white pubescent; strophiole hooded, apex convex. Fl. May-Aug, fr. Aug-Oct.
  • Forests, streamsides, moist areas in valleys; (400-)1200-1700 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hunan, Jiangxi, Yunnan.
 









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