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中华花荵Polemonium chinense

时间:2013-10-30 13:41来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):中华花荵 学名( Scientific Name ): Polemonium chinense (Brand) Brand 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 山波菜 异名( Synonym ): Polemonium coeruleum var. chinense Brand Polemoni
中文名(Chinese Name):中华花荵
学名(Scientific Name):Polemonium chinense (Brand) Brand
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):山波菜
异名(Synonym):Polemonium coeruleum var. chinense Brand  Polemonium liniflorum V. Vassil.  Polemonium caeruleum var. chinense Brand 
科属(Family & Genus):花荵科(Polemoniaceae)花荵属
形态特征(Description):和花荵不同的是圆锥花序疏散;花通常较小,花冠长约1厘米,有时长达1.5厘米;花柱和雄蕊伸出花冠外。
分布(Distribution):产青海、甘肃、陕西、山西、湖北、四川东部和北部,生于海拔2000-3600米的潮湿草丛、河边、沟边林下、山谷密林或山坡路旁杂草间。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 16 Page 327   
Polemonium chinense (Brand) Brand, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 17: 316. 1921.
中华花荵 zhong hua hua ren| Polemoniaceae  | Polemonium
Stems erect, 30-90 cm, glabrous, rarely densely pubescent and glandular below middle, glandular pubescent above middle. Leaves pinnately compound, 6-18 cm, gradually reduced upward, uppermost ones usually ± sessile; petiole 6-14 cm; leaflets 15-25, narrowly lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, 0.5-4 cm X 2-14 mm, glabrous. Pedicel 2-3 mm, puberulent, glandular or not. Calyx 2-3(-5) mm; lobes deltoid, shorter than tube, apex acute. Corolla violet, rarely white, rotate to broadly campanulate, 0.8-1.2(-1.7) cm; lobes obovate, margin ciliate, rounded at apex. Stamens ca. as long as or longer than corolla. Style longer than stamens, exserted. Capsule 3-6 mm. Seeds brown, fusiform to oblong-lanceolate, 2-2.5 mm. Fl. Jun-Aug, fr. Jun-Sep.
Meadows, moist open sites in or at forest edges; 1000-2100 m. Gansu, Heilongjiang, Hubei, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanxi, NE Sichuan [Korea, Mongolia, E Russia]
 




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